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Prevalence of Schistosomes and Soil-Transmitted Helminths and Morbidity Associated with Schistosomiasis among Adult Population in Lake Victoria Basin, Tanzania

Authors
 Julius E. Siza  ;  Godfrey M. Kaatano  ;  Jong-Yil Chai  ;  Keeseon S. Eom  ;  Han-Jong Rim  ;  Tai-Soon Yong  ;  Duk-Young Min  ;  Su Young Chang  ;  Yunsuk Ko  ;  John M. Changalucha 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, Vol.53(5) : 525-533, 2015 
Journal Title
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY 
ISSN
 0023-4001 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adult ; Albendazole/therapeutic use ; Animals ; Anthelmintics/therapeutic use ; Feces/parasitology ; Female ; Helminthiasis/drug therapy ; Helminthiasis/epidemiology* ; Helminthiasis/parasitology ; Helminthiasis/pathology* ; Helminths/classification* ; Helminths/isolation & purification* ; Humans ; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/drug therapy ; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology* ; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology ; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/pathology* ; Lakes ; Male ; Microscopy ; Praziquantel/therapeutic use ; Prevalence ; Schistosomiasis/drug therapy ; Schistosomiasis/epidemiology* ; Schistosomiasis/parasitology ; Schistosomiasis/pathology* ; Tanzania/epidemiology ; Urine/parasitology
Keywords
Lake Victoria basin ; Schistosoma haematobium ; Schistosoma mansoni ; Tanzania ; adult population ; soil-transmitted helminth (STH)
Abstract
The objective of this study was to carry out a community survey on schistosomiais and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in order to suggest feasible and effective intervention strategies in Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. A total of 37 communities selected from 23 districts of the 4 regions in the Lake Victoria basin of Tanzania were involved in the study. From each of the selected locality, 50 adult community members, 25 males and 25 females, were recruited for the study. Each study participant was requested to submit stool and urine specimens. From each stool specimen, duplicate Kato-Katz thick smears were prepared and microscopically examined for Schistosoma mansoni and STH eggs. Urine specimens were processed by the filtration technique and microscopically examined for Schistosoma haematobium eggs. Ultrasound examination for morbidity due to schistosomiasis was performed. Mass treatment was done using praziquantel and albendazole for schistosome and STHs infections, respectively. Out of 1,606 adults who provided stool specimens, 199 (12.4%) were positive for S. mansoni, 349 (21.7%) for hookworms, 133 (8.3%) for Ascaris lumbricoides, and 33 (2.0%) for Trichuris trichiura. Out of 1,400 participants who provided urine specimens, 25 (1.8%) were positive for S. haematobium eggs. Because of the co-endemicity of these afflictions and their impact on vulnerable population groups, the helminthiasis could be simultaneously treated with 2 drugs, praziquantel for schistosomiasis and albendazole for STHs.
Files in This Item:
T201505954.pdf Download
DOI
10.3347/kjp.2015.53.5.525
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/157192
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