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High Malaria Prevalence among Schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania

Authors
 Min-Jae Kim  ;  Bong-Kwang Jung  ;  Jong-Yil Chai  ;  Keeseon S. Eom  ;  Tai-Soon Yong  ;  Duk-Young Min  ;  Julius E. Siza  ;  Godfrey M. Kaatano  ;  Josephat Kuboza  ;  Peter Mnyeshi  ;  John M. Changalucha  ;  Yunsuk Ko  ;  Su Young Chang  ;  Han-Jong Rim 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, Vol.53(5) : 571-574, 2015 
Journal Title
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY 
ISSN
 0023-4001 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Blood/parasitology ; Child ; Coinfection/epidemiology ; Coinfection/parasitology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Malaria/epidemiology* ; Malaria/parasitology ; Male ; Microscopy ; Plasmodium falciparum/isolation & purification* ; Plasmodium vivax/isolation & purification* ; Prevalence ; Tanzania/epidemiology ; Topography, Medical
Keywords
Kome Island (Victoria Lake) ; Plasmodium falciparum ; Plasmodium vivax ; Tanzania ; high prevalence ; malaria ; schoolchildren
Abstract
In order to determine the status of malaria among schoolchildren on Kome Island (Lake Victoria), near Mwanza, Tanzania, a total of 244 schoolchildren in 10 primary schools were subjected to a blood survey using the fingerprick method. The subjected schoolchildren were 123 boys and 121 girls who were 6-8 years of age. Only 1 blood smear was prepared for each child. The overall prevalence of malaria was 38.1% (93 positives), and sex difference was not remarkable. However, the positive rate was the highest in Izindabo Primary School (51.4%) followed by Isenyi Primary School (48.3%) and Bugoro Primary School (46.7%). The lowest prevalence was found in Muungano Primary School (16.7%) and Nyamiswi Primary School (16.7%). These differences were highly correlated with the location of the school on the Island; those located in the peripheral area revealed higher prevalences while those located in the central area showed lower prevalences. Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant species (38.1%; 93/244), with a small proportion of them mixed-infected with Plasmodium vivax (1.6%; 4/244). The results revealed that malaria is highly prevalent among primary schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania, and there is an urgent need to control malaria in this area.
Files in This Item:
T201505929.pdf Download
DOI
10.3347/kjp.2015.53.5.571
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/157186
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