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Incremental benefit of coronary artery calcium score above traditional risk factors for all-cause mortality in asymptomatic Korean adults

 Donghee Han  ;  Bríain Ó Hartaigh  ;  Heidi Gransar  ;  Ji Hyun Yoon  ;  Kwang-Joon Kim  ;  Min-Kyoung Kim  ;  Su-Yeon Choi  ;  Jidong Sung  ;  Hyuk-Jae Chang 
 CIRCULATION JOURNAL, Vol.79(11) : 2445-2451, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Asymptomatic Diseases ; Cause of Death ; Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis ; Coronary Artery Disease/mortality* ; Female ; Humans ; Kaplan-Meier Estimate ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Prognosis ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Registries ; Republic of Korea ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Factors ; Severity of Illness Index ; Time Factors ; Vascular Calcification/diagnosis ; Vascular Calcification/mortality*
Computed tomography ; Coronary artery calcium ; Framingham risk score ; Risk assessment
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium score (CACS) is a well-recognized marker for subclinical coronary atherosclerosis, particularly in asymptomatic populations. To date, however, the added prognostic benefit of CACS compared with traditional risk factors in an Asian population remains unknown. This study therefore investigated the benefit of CACS over traditional risk factors for all-cause mortality in a large multicenter registry of asymptomatic Korean adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 34,386 individuals were retrospectively enrolled to participate in a general health examination. The Framingham 10-year risk score (FRS) was calculated according to the traditional risk stratification algorithm and CACS was calculated in log(CACS+1) for continuous data and categorized as 0, 1-100, 101-400 and >400. During a median follow-up of 4.9 years (IQR, 3.0-7.1), there were 303 all-cause deaths (0.9%). Following adjustment, CACS was independently associated with all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.10; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-1.17; P<0.001). Notably, CACS added further prognostic value above and beyond FRS (likelihood ratio, χ(2)=75.42, P<0.001; continuous net reclassification improvement=0.40, 95% CI: 0.29-0.51, P≤0.001; improving C-statistic from 0.64, 95% CI: 0.61-0.67 to 0.68, 95% CI: 0.64-0.71; ∆C=0.04, 95% CI: 0.01-0.06, P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In an asymptomatic Korean population, CACS improved prediction of all-cause mortality over and above that of a conventional risk tool.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kwang Joon(김광준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5554-8255
Yoon, Ji Hyun(윤지현)
Chang, Hyuk-Jae(장혁재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-7545
Han, Donghee(한동희)
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