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Relationship between symptoms of dry eye syndrome and occupational characteristics: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012

 June-Hee Lee  ;  Wanhyung Lee  ;  Jin-Ha Yoon  ;  Hongdeok Seok  ;  Jaehoon Roh  ;  Jong-Uk Won 
 BMC OPHTHALMOLOGY, Vol.15 : 147, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Body Constitution ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis ; Dry Eye Syndromes/epidemiology* ; Educational Status ; Employment/statistics & numerical data* ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Income ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Occupational Diseases/diagnosis ; Occupational Diseases/epidemiology* ; Occupations/statistics & numerical data* ; Odds Ratio ; Physical Examination ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Occupational category ; Symptoms of dry eye syndrome ; KNHANES
BACKGROUND: Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) is a broad spectrum of uncomfortable ocular conditions that are caused by reduced production of tears or an increased tear evaporation rate. This study evaluated the relationship between symptoms of DES and occupational characteristics to identify the occupation-dependent differences in the prevalence of symptoms of DES using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010-2012) data. METHODS: A total of 6023 participants were included (3203 men and 2820 women). Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to record clinical characteristics, occupational characteristics and medical history. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) for symptoms of DES were calculated according to the occupational characteristics. RESULTS: Among the participants, 963 persons (16.0 %) had symptoms of DES. An increased risk (relative to the green-collar group) was observed for the ordinary white-collar (OR, 1.73; 95 % CI, 1.73-1.41), executive white-collar (OR, 1.40; 95 % CI, 1.02-1.92) and skilled blue-collar (OR, 1.44; 95 % CI, 1.04-2.00) groups. Furthermore, paid workers had a significantly higher risk of dry eye symptoms (OR, 1.21; 95 % CI, 1.02-1.45), compared to self-employed workers. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first research to reveal that white-collar workers have a higher risk of symptoms of DES than blue-collar workers, that skilled blue-collar workers have a higher risk than unskilled blue-collar workers, and that paid workers have a higher risk than self-employed workers.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (작업환경의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Roh, Jae Hoon(노재훈)
Seok, Hongdeok(석홍덕)
Won, Jong Uk(원종욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9200-3297
Yoon, Jin Ha(윤진하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-2955
Lee, Wan Hyung(이완형)
Lee, June Hee(이준희)
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