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Short and long-term outcomes of robotic versus laparoscopic total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: a case-matched retrospective study

 Min Soo Cho  ;  Se Jin Baek  ;  Hyuk Hur  ;  Byung Soh Min  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Kang Young Lee  ;  Nam Kyu Kim 
 MEDICINE, Vol.94(11) : e522, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma/pathology ; Adenocarcinoma/surgery* ; Aged ; Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods ; Digestive System Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data* ; Female ; Humans ; Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data ; Lymph Nodes/pathology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology* ; Postoperative Complications/epidemiology ; Postoperative Period ; Rectal Neoplasms/pathology ; Rectal Neoplasms/surgery* ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Robotics/statistics & numerical data
The true benefits of robotic surgery are controversial, and whether robotic total mesorectal excision (R-TME) can be justified as a standard treatment for rectal cancer patients needs to be clarified. This case-matched study aimed to compare the postoperative complications and short- and long-term outcomes of R-TME and laparoscopic TME (L-TME) for rectal cancer.Among 1029 patients, we identified 278 rectal cancer patients who underwent R-TME. Propensity score matching was used to match this group with 278 patients who underwent L-TME.The mean follow-up period was similar between both groups (L-TME vs R-TME: 52.5 ± 17.1 vs 51.0 ± 13.1 months, P = 0.253), as were patient characteristics. The operation time was significantly longer in the R-TME group than in the L-TME group (361.6 ± 91.9 vs 272.4 ± 83.8 min; P < 0.001), whereas the conversion rate, length of hospital stay, and recovery of pain and bowel motility were similar between both groups. The rates of circumferential resection margin involvement and early complications were similar between both groups (L-TME vs R-TME: 4.7% vs 5.0%, P = 1.000; and 23.7% vs 25.9%, P = 0.624, respectively), as were the 5-year overall survival, disease-free survival, and local recurrence rates (93.1% vs 92.2%, P = 0.422; 79.6% vs 81.8%, P = 0.538; 3.9% vs 5.9%, P = 0.313, respectively).The oncologic quality, short- and long-term outcomes, and postoperative morbidity in the R-TME group were comparable with those in the L-TME group.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Min, Byung Soh(민병소) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0180-8565
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Cho, Min Soo(조민수)
Hur, Hyuk(허혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9864-7229
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