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Reoperation Rates After Surgery for Degenerative Cervical Spine Disease According to Different Surgical Procedures: National Population-based Cohort Study

Authors
 Park, Moon Soo  ;  Ju, Young-Su  ;  Moon, Seong-Hwan  ;  Kim, Tae-Hwan  ;  Oh, Jae Keun  ;  Makhni, Melvin C.  ;  Riew, K. Daniel 
Citation
 SPINE, Vol.41(19) : 1484-1492, 2016 
Journal Title
 SPINE 
ISSN
 0362-2436 
Issue Date
2016
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Cervical Vertebrae/surgery* ; Cohort Studies ; Databases, Factual ; Diskectomy/methods* ; Female ; Humans ; Laminectomy/methods* ; Laminoplasty/methods* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Radiculopathy/surgery* ; Reoperation/statistics & numerical data ; Spinal Diseases/surgery* ; Spinal Fusion/methods* ; Young Adult
Keywords
cervical ; nationwide database ; reoperation ; spondylosis ; surgical procedure.
Abstract
STUDY DESIGN: National population-based cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reoperation rates of cervical spine surgery for cervical degenerative conditions utilizing a national population database. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is an inherently low incidence of reoperation after surgery for cervical degenerative disease. Therefore, it is difficult to sufficiently power studies to detect differences between reoperation rates of different cervical surgical procedures. National population-based databases provide large, longitudinally followed cohorts that may help overcome this challenge. METHODS: We used the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service national database to select our study population. We included patients with diagnosis of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy or myelopathy who underwent cervical surgeries from January 2009 to June 2014. We separated patients into three groups based on surgical procedures: discectomy or corpectomy with anterior fusion, laminoplasty, or laminectomy with posterior fusion. Age, sex, presence of diabetes, osteoporosis, associated comorbidities, number of operated cervical disc levels, and hospital types were considered potential confounding factors. Reoperation rates were analyzed over early and late periods. RESULTS: The reoperation rate over the entire follow-up period was 3.31%. Overall, the reoperation rate was significantly higher after laminectomy with posterior fusion or laminoplasty than after discectomy or corpectomy with anterior fusion. A similar pattern was seen during the late period. In the early period, rates were higher only after laminectomy with posterior fusion than after discectomy or corpectomy with anterior fusion. Sex, presence of diabetes, associated comorbidities, and hospital types were noted to be risk factors for reoperation. CONCLUSION: The reoperation rate was higher after laminectomy with posterior fusion or laminoplasty. Given clinical scenarios in which either anterior or posterior approaches can be utilized, risk of reoperation can be another variable to consider in surgical planning and patient education. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.
Full Text
http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00007632-201610010-00005&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
DOI
10.1097/BRS.0000000000001581
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Moon, Seong Hwan(문성환)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/152549
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