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Representative levels of blood lead, mercury, and urinary cadmium in youth: Korean Environmental Health Survey in Children and Adolescents (KorEHS-C), 2012-2014

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.author양지연-
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-26T07:46:14Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-26T07:46:14Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.issn1438-4639-
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/152495-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: This study examined levels of blood lead and mercury, and urinary cadmium, and associated sociodemographic factors in 3-18 year-old Korean children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the nationally representative Korean Environmental Health Survey in Children and Adolescents data for 2012-2014 and identified 2388 children and adolescents aged 3-18 years. The median and 95th percentile exposure biomarker levels with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Multivariate regression analyses were performed on log transformed exposure biomarker levels adjusted for age, sex, area, household income, and father's education level. The median exposure biomarker levels were compared with data from Germany, the US, and Canada, as well as the levels of Korean children measured at different times. RESULTS: The median levels of blood lead and mercury, as well as urinary cadmium were 1.23μg/dL, 1.80μg/L, and 0.40μg/L (95% CIs, 1.21-1.25, 1.77-1.83, and 0.39-0.41, respectively). The blood lead levels were significantly higher in boys and younger children (p<0.0001) and children with less educated fathers (p=0.004) after adjusting for covariates. Urinary cadmium level increased with age (p<0.0001). The median levels of blood mercury and urinary cadmium were much higher in Korean children and adolescents than those in their peers in Germany, the US, and Canada. Blood lead levels tended to decrease with increasing age and divergence between the sexes, particularly in the early teen years. Median levels of blood lead and urinary cadmium decreased since 2010. CONCLUSION: Sociodemographic factors, including age, sex, and father's education level were associated with environmental exposure to heavy metals in Korean children and adolescents. These biomonitoring data are valuable for ongoing surveillance of environmental exposure in this vulnerable population.-
dc.description.statementOfResponsibilityopen-
dc.languageEnglish-
dc.publisherUrban & Fischer-
dc.relation.isPartOfINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYGIENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH-
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 2.0 KR-
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/kr/-
dc.subject.MESHAdolescent-
dc.subject.MESHCadmium/urine*-
dc.subject.MESHChild-
dc.subject.MESHChild, Preschool-
dc.subject.MESHEnvironmental Monitoring-
dc.subject.MESHEnvironmental Pollutants/blood*-
dc.subject.MESHEnvironmental Pollutants/urine*-
dc.subject.MESHFemale-
dc.subject.MESHHealth Surveys-
dc.subject.MESHHumans-
dc.subject.MESHLead/blood*-
dc.subject.MESHMale-
dc.subject.MESHMercury/blood*-
dc.subject.MESHRepublic of Korea-
dc.subject.MESHSocioeconomic Factors-
dc.titleRepresentative levels of blood lead, mercury, and urinary cadmium in youth: Korean Environmental Health Survey in Children and Adolescents (KorEHS-C), 2012-2014-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.publisher.locationGermany-
dc.contributor.collegeResearch Institutes-
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute for Environmental Research-
dc.contributor.googleauthorEunae Burm-
dc.contributor.googleauthorInmyung Song-
dc.contributor.googleauthorMina Ha-
dc.contributor.googleauthorYu-Mi Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKee Jae Lee-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHwan-Cheol Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSinye Lim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSoo-Young Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorChul-Gab Lee-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSu Young Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHae-Kwan Cheong-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJoon Sakong-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHee-Tae Kang-
dc.contributor.googleauthorMia Son-
dc.contributor.googleauthorGyung-Jae Oh-
dc.contributor.googleauthorYeni Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJi-Yeon Yang-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSoo-Jong Hong-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJu-Hee Seo-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJeongseon Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSeyong Oh-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJeesuk Yu-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSeong-Sil Chang-
dc.contributor.googleauthorHo-Jang Kwon-
dc.contributor.googleauthorYoun-Hee Choi-
dc.contributor.googleauthorWookhee Choi-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSuejin Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorSeung Do Yu-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.04.004-
dc.contributor.localIdA02322-
dc.relation.journalcodeJ03007-
dc.identifier.eissn1618-131X-
dc.relation.journalsince2000-
dc.identifier.pmid27107843-
dc.subject.keywordBlood lead-
dc.subject.keywordBlood mercury-
dc.subject.keywordChildren and adolescents-
dc.subject.keywordNational sample-
dc.subject.keywordUrinary cadmium-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameYang, Ji Yeon-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthorYang, Ji Yeon-
dc.citation.volume219-
dc.citation.number4~5-
dc.citation.startPage412-
dc.citation.endPage418-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYGIENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, Vol.219(4~5) : 412-418, 2016-
dc.date.modified2017-10-24-
Appears in Collections:
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소) > 1. Journal Papers

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