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Management of Contralateral N0 Neck in Tonsillar Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Authors
 Young Chang Lim  ;  Sei Young Lee  ;  Jae-Yol Lim  ;  Hyang Ae Shin  ;  Jin Seok Lee  ;  Bon Seok Koo  ;  Se-Heon Kim  ;  Eun Chang Choi 
Citation
 LARYNGOSCOPE, Vol.115(9) : 1672-1675, 2005 
Journal Title
 LARYNGOSCOPE 
ISSN
 0023-852X 
Issue Date
2005
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology* ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery* ; Elective Surgical Procedures ; Female ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/mortality ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/secondary* ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery* ; Humans ; Lymph Nodes/pathology ; Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Staging ; Prognosis ; Retrospective Studies ; Tonsillar Neoplasms/mortality ; Tonsillar Neoplasms/pathology*
Keywords
Tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma ; contralateral N0 neck ; elective neck treatment
Abstract
Objectives: It is well established that tonsillar squamous cell carcinomas have a high probability of disseminating to the neck. An ipsilateral neck treatment is mandatory during initial treatment of stages II to IV tonsillar carcinomas. However, as of yet, no consensus exists whether to perform elective contralateral neck management. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 43 N0-3 tonsillar cancer patients with contralateral clinically negative necks from 1992 to 2002 was performed. All patients had a contralateral elective neck dissection. Surgical treatment was followed by postoperative radiotherapy in 33 patients. The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 120 (mean 38) months. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to calculate the disease-specific survival rates and prognostic significance of contralateral occult lymph node metastasis. Results: Clinically negative, but pathologically positive, contralateral lymph nodes occurred in 16% (7 of 43). Of the 33 cases with an ipsilateral node positive neck, contralateral occult lymph node metastases developed in 21% (7 of 33), in contrast with 0% in ipsilateral N0 necks. On the basis of the clinical staging of the tumor, 5% (1 of 22) of the cases showed lymph node metastases in T2 tumors, 36% (5 of 14) in T3, and 25% (1 of 4) in T4. None of the T1 tumors (3 cases) had pathologically positive lymph nodes (T1 + T2 vs. T3 + T4, P < .05). Patients with no evidence of contralateral nodal cancer had significantly improved disease-specific survival over patients with any pathologically positive nodes (5 year disease-specific survival rate 92% vs. 28%, P = < .05). Conclusion: The risk of contralateral occult neck involvement in above T3 staged tonsillar squamous cell carcinomas with unilateral metastases was high (approximately 21%), and patients who present with a contralateral metastatic neck have a worse prognosis than those who are staged as N0. Therefore, we advocate an elective contralateral neck treatment in tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma patients with ipsilateral node metastases.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1097/01.mlg.0000184791.68804.0b/abstract
DOI
10.1097/01.mlg.0000184791.68804.0b
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Se Heon(김세헌)
Lim, Jae Yol(임재열) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9757-6414
Choi, Eun Chang(최은창)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/151311
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