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Prognostic factors of status epilepticus in children

 Du Cheol Kang  ;  Young-Mock Lee  ;  JoonSoo Lee  ;  Heung Dong Kim  ;  ChangJun Coe 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.46(1) : 27-33, 2005 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Age Distribution ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Female ; Humans ; Incidence ; Infant ; Male ; Prognosis ; Recurrence ; Sex Distribution ; Status Epilepticus/etiology ; Status Epilepticus/mortality*
Status epilepticus ; mortality ; recurrence
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 189 children who were admitted to the Pediatric Neurology Department at Yonsei University College of Medicine with status epilepticus (SE) between April, 1994 and April, 2003. The children were followed up for a mean duration of 17 months. We analyzed the clinical findings and the relationships between neurologic sequelae, recurrence, age of onset, presumptive causes, types of seizure, seizure duration and the presence of fever. Mean age at SE onset was 37 months. Incidences by seizure type classification were generalized convulsive SE in 73.5%, and non-convulsive SE in 26.5%. The incidences of presumptive causes of SE were idiopathic 40.7%, epilepsy 29.1%, remote 16.4% and acute symptomatic in 13.3%. Among all the patients, febrile episodes occurred in 35.4%, especially in patients under 3 year old, and 38.4% of these were associated with febrile illness regardless of presumptive cause. Neurologic sequelae occurred in 33% and the mortality rate was 3%. Neurologic sequelae were lower in patients that presented with an idiopathic etiology and higher in generalized convulsive SE patients. The recurrence of SE was higher in patients with a remote symptomatic epileptic etiology, and generalized convulsive SE showed higher rates of recurrence. Based on this retrospective study, the neurologic outcomes and recurrence of SE were found to be strongly associated with etiology and seizure type. Age, seizure duration and the presence of febrile illness were found to have no effect on outcome.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Du Cheol(강두철)
Coe, Chang Jun(고창준)
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Lee, Young Mock(이영목) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5838-249X
Lee, Joon Soo(이준수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
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