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MicroRNA-761 inhibits angiotensin II-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration by targeting mammalian target of rapamycin

Authors
 조정래 
Department
 Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) 
Issue Date
2015
Description
의과대학/박사
Abstract
Aberrant vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration are a major pathological phenomenon in vascular disease characterized by intimal thickening. The important role of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in VSMC proliferation has been previously reported. Consequently, down-regulation of mTOR pathway may be an effective way of controlling excessive VSMC proliferation. Since microRNAs (miRNA) are newly emerging regulators of virtually all the biological processes including cellular proliferation, miRNAs targeting mTOR pathway may be able to suppress aberrant VSMC proliferation during pathologic vascular conditions. Thus, in the present study, we screened miRNAs targeting mTOR and identified miR-761 as a new mTOR targeting miRNA. Luciferase assay using luciferase vector containing 3’UTR of mTOR indicated that miR-761 directly targets mTOR mRNA leading to suppression of mTOR protein expression. Our data indicate that miR-761 expression decreases during angiotensin II (AngII)-induced proliferation of VSMCs, and exogenous miR-761 delivery effectively inhibit the AngII-induced VSMC proliferation. The results of migration assay demonstrated that down-regulation of mTOR using exogenous miR-761 suppressed AngII-induced migration of VSMCs as well. Taken together, the present study provided evidence that miR-761 can be a potent anti-proliferative agent for VSMCs in vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis, and warrants further studies to validate the effectiveness of miR-761 in vivo.
Files in This Item:
T013733.pdf Download
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 3. Dissertation
Yonsei Authors
Cho, Jung Rae(조정래)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/148777
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