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Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical characterization of papillary proliferation of the endometrium: A single institutional experience.

 Cheol Keun Park  ;  Gun Yoon  ;  Yoon Ah Cho  ;  Hyun-Soo Kim 
 ONCOTARGET, Vol.7(26) : 39197-39206, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology ; Cell Proliferation ; Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology ; Endometrium/metabolism* ; Endometrium/pathology* ; Epithelial Cells/metabolism ; Epithelium/pathology ; Female ; Humans ; Hyperplasia/pathology ; Hysterectomy ; Immunohistochemistry ; Immunophenotyping ; Metaplasia/pathology ; Middle Aged ; Postmenopause ; Precancerous Conditions/pathology*
Pathology Section ; atypical hyperplasia/endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia ; endometrioid carcinoma ; endometrium ; immunohistochemistry ; papillary proliferation
Papillary proliferation of the endometrium is an unusual lesion that is composed of papillae with fibrovascular stromal cores covered with benign-appearing glandular epithelium. We studied the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of four cases of endometrial papillary proliferations. All patients were postmenopausal. Two lesions were incidental findings in hysterectomy specimens, and two lesions were detected in endometrial curettage specimens. Based on the degree of architectural complexity and extent of proliferation, we classified papillary proliferations histopathologically into "simple" or "complex" growth patterns. Three cases were classified as simple papillary proliferation, and one case was classified as complex papillary proliferation. Simple papillary proliferations were characterized by slender papillae with delicate stromal cores. In contrast, complex papillary proliferations had intracystic papillary projections and cellular clusters with frequent branching and occasional cytological atypia. All cases showed coexistent metaplastic epithelial changes, including mucinous metaplasia, eosinophilic cell change, and ciliated cell metaplasia. One patient with simple papillary proliferations had coexistent well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. One patient had subsequent hyperplasia without atypia, and another patient had subsequent atypical hyperplasia/endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia; both patients underwent total hysterectomy within four months. Our observations are consistent with previous data demonstrating that endometrial papillary proliferations coexist with or develop into atypical hyperplasia/endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia or endometrioid carcinoma. It is very important for pathologists to discriminate papillary proliferations from neoplastic lesions (including atypical hyperplasia/endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma) and benign mimickers (including papillary syncytial metaplasia).
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Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyun-Soo(김현수)
Park, Cheol Keun(박철근) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7689-0386
Cho, Yoon Ah(조윤아)
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