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Salt-Induced Electrospun Patterned Bundled Fibers for Spatially Regulating Cellular Responses.

Authors
 Mira Cho  ;  Seung-Hyun Kim  ;  Gyuhyung Jin  ;  Kook In Park  ;  Jae-Hyung Jang 
Citation
 ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, Vol.8(21) : 13320-13331, 2016 
Journal Title
 ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES 
ISSN
 1944-8244 
Issue Date
2016
Keywords
electrospinning ; nerve tissue engineering ; neural stem cells ; neurite outgrowth ; patterned scaffold ; salt-induced bundle
Abstract
Implementing patterned fibrous matrices can offer a highly valuable platform for spatially orchestrating hierarchical cellular constructs, specifically for neural engineering approaches, in which striated alignment or directional growth of axons are key elements for the functional recovery of damaged nervous systems. Thus, understanding the structural parameters of patterned fibrous matrices that can effectively promote neural growth can provide crucial clues for designing state-of-the-art tissue engineering scaffolds. To this end, salt-induced electrospun patterned fiber bundles (SiEP bundles) comprising longitudinally stacked multiple fibers were fabricated, and their capabilities of spatially stimulating the responses of neural cells, including PC12 cells, human neural stem cells (hNSCs), and dorsal root ganglia (DRG), were assessed by comparing them to conventional fibrous matrices having either randomly oriented fibers or individually aligned fibers. The SiEP bundles possessed remarkably distinctive morphological and topographical characteristics: multicomplexed infrastructures with nano- and microscale fibers, rough surfaces, and soft mechanical properties. Importantly, the SiEP bundles resulted in spatial cellular elongations corresponding to the fiber directions and induced highly robust neurite extensions along the patterned fibers. Furthermore, the residence of hNSCs on the topographically rough grooves of the SiEP bundles boosted neuronal differentiation. These findings can provide crucial insights for designing fibrous platforms that can spatially regulate cellular responses and potentially offer powerful strategies for a neural growth system in which directional cellular responses are critical for the functional recovery of damaged neural tissues.
Full Text
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsami.6b03848
DOI
10.1021/acsami.6b03848
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Kook In(박국인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8499-9293
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/147117
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