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Amyloid burden, cerebrovascular disease, brain atrophy, and cognition in cognitively impaired patients

Other Titles
 인지기능 저하환자에서의 아밀로이드의 양, 뇌혈관 질환, 뇌위축 및 인지기능 
 Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) 
Issue Date
Dept. of Medicine/박사
Background: We investigated the independent effects of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) pathologies on brain structural changes and cognition.Methods: Amyloid burden (Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) retention ratio), CVD markers (volume of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and number of lacunae), and structural changes (cortical thickness and hippocampal shape) were measured in 251 cognitively impaired patients. Path analyses were utilized to assess the effects of these markers on cognition.Results: PiB retention ratio was associated with hippocampal atrophy, which was associated with memory impairment. WMH were associated with frontal thinning, which was associated with executive and memory dysfunctions. PiB retention ratio and lacunae were also associated with memory and executive dysfunction without the mediation of hippocampal or frontal atrophy.Conclusions: Our results suggest that the impacts of AD and CVD pathologies on cognition are mediated by specific brain regions.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 3. Dissertation
Yonsei Authors
Ye, Byoung Seok(예병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-8440
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