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국한성 두경부 대세포성(Diffuse Large Cell) 림프종의 적정 방사선 조사선량

Other Titles
 The Optimal Radiation Dose in Localized Head and Neck Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma 
 금웅섭  ;  서창옥  ;  김용배  ;  심수정  ;  표홍렬  ;  노재경  ;  정현철  ;  김귀언 
 Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, Vol.20(4) : 303-308, 2002 
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology(대한방사선종양학회지)
Issue Date
국한성 두경부 대세포성 림프종 ; 항암화학방사선 병용요법 ; 적정 방사선 조사선량
Purpose: To determine the optimal radiation dose in a localized non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the head and neck in the treatment setting for combined chemoradiotherapy.

Materials and Methods: Fifty-three patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ diffuse large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the head and neck, who were treated with combined chemoradiotherapy between 1985 and 1998 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age was 49 years, and the male-to-female ratio was approximately 1.6. Twenty-seven patients had stage Ⅰ disease and 26 had stage Ⅱ. Twenty-three patients had bulky tumors (≥5 ㎝) and 30 had non-bulky tumors (<5 ㎝). The primary tumors arose mainly from an extranodal organ (70%), most cases involving Waldeyer's ring (90%). All patients except one were initially treated with 3~6 cycles of chemotherapy, which was followed by radiotherapy. Radiation was delivered either to the primary tumor area alone (9%) or to the primary tumor area plus the bilateral neck nodes (91%) with a minimum dose of 30 ㏉ (range 30~60 ㏉). The failure patterns according to the radiation field were analyzed, and the relationship between the dose and the in-field recurrence was evaluated.

Results: The 10-year overall survival and the 10-year disease free survival rates were similar at 75% and 76%, respectively. A complete response (CR) after chemotherapy was achieved in 44 patients (83%). Subsequent radiotherapy showed a CR in all patients. Twelve patients (23%) had a relapse of the lymphoma after the initial treatment. Two of these patients had a recurrence inside the radiation field. No clear dose response relationship was observed and no significant prognostic factors for the in-field recurrences were identified because of the small number of in-field recurrences. However, for patients with tumors <5 ㎝ in diameter, there were no in-field recurrences after a radiation dose 30 ㏉. The 2 in-field recurrences encountered occurred in patients with a tumor ≥5 ㎝.

Conclusion: A dose of 30 ㏉ is sufficient for local control in patients with a non-bulky (<5 ㎝), localized, diffuse large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma when combined with chemotherapy. An additional boost dose in the primary site is recommended for patients with bulky tumors (≥5 ㎝).
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Suh, Chang Ok(서창옥)
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