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원발성 간암환자의 간염 바이러스 감염유형에 따른 임상양상 및 예후

Other Titles
 Clinical characteristics and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma in relation to the type of hepatitis virus 
 한광협  ;  문희용  ;  김범수  ;  백용한  ;  전재윤  ;  문영명  ;  강진경  ;  박인서 
 Korean Journal of Medicine (대한내과학회지), Vol.60(1) : 22-31, 2001 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Medicine (대한내과학회지) 
Issue Date
Carcinoma ; Hepatocellular ; Hepatitis B virus ; Hepatitis C virus ; Prognosis
Background : Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) is one of the important causes of cancer-related mortality and morbidity in East Asia, including Korea. Most of the hepatocellular carcinoma in Korea are associated with hepatitis B and C virus infection. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients with HCC were evaluated in relation to the type of hepatitis virus. Methods : A retrospective analysis of the clinical data and survival rate was done in 603 patients(M:F=4.9:1, mean age; 54.2 years) who were admitted to Yonsei medical center from April, 1991 through April, 1994. Results : Among 603 patients, tests for HBsAg and anti-HCV was done simultaneously in 455 patients. Out of the 455 HCC patients, 303 patients (66.6%) were classified as Group B(HBsAg+ve, anti-HCV-ve), 102 patients (22.4%) were classified as Group C (HBsAg-ve, anti-HCV+ve), 45 patients (9.9%) were classified as Group non-BC (HBsAg-ve, anti-HCV-ve), and 5 patients (1.1%) were classified as Group BC (HBsAg+ve, anti-HCV+ve). The mean age of the patients in Group C was older than that of Group B (64.9 vs. 51.3 yr) (p<0.05). Liver cirrhosis was frequently noticed in Group C than Group B (84.3 vs. 68.0%) (p<0.05). The number of the patients whose serum FP level was elevated (>400 ng/mL) was significantly higher in Group B than in Group C (70.0 vs. 52.0%)(p<0.05). According to the gross type, nodular type was more common in Group C than in Group B(72.0 vs. 38.1%) (p<0.01). The incidence of portal vein thrombosis was significantly lower in Group C compared with that in Group B (16.7 vs. 31.4%)(p<0.05). The number of the patients whose tumor size of less than 5 cm was significantly higher in Group C than in Group B (35.3 vs. 17.8%) (p<0.05). Using multivariant analysis, independent prognostic factors were found to be Child grading, FP level, size of the tumor, gross type, and the type of hepatitis virus. The cumulative survival rate of 1, 2, and 3 year in each Group was 31.5%, 17.5%, and 10.8%, respectively in Group B, and 55.7%, 30.2%, and 21.6%, respectively in Group C. The median duration of survival of Group B was significantly shorter than that of Group C(5.0 vs. 13 months)(p<0.05). Conclusion : About 90 % of HCC was associated with hepatitis B or C viral infection in Korea. Hepatitis B virus associated HCC had poorer prognosis compared with hepatitis C virus associated HCC in Korea.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Paik, Yong Han(백용한)
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