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An analysis of 4,514 cases of renal biopsy in Korea

 In Joon Choi  ;  Hyeon Joo Jeong  ;  Dae Suk Han  ;  Jae Seung Lee  ;  Kyu Hun Choi  ;  Shin Wook Kang  ;  Sung Kyu Ha  ;  Ho Yung Lee  ;  Pyung Kil Kim 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.42(2) : 247-254, 2001 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Age Distribution ; Biopsy ; Child ; Female ; Glomerulonephritis/epidemiology ; Glomerulonephritis/pathology ; Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental/epidemiology ; Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental/pathology ; Humans ; Kidney/pathology* ; Kidney Diseases/epidemiology* ; Kidney Diseases/pathology* ; Korea ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Sex Distribution
eldery ; focal segmental glomerulosclerosis ; glomerulonephritis ; hepatitis ; poststreptococcal glomerulone-phritis ; repeat biopsy
To evaluate the distribution and changing patterns of renal diseases in Korea, a total of 4,514 cases of renal biopsy collected over a 23-year period between 1973 and 1995 were reviewed. Of 4,200 cases excluding 314 unsatisfactory biopsies, adult cases comprised 59.5% and pediatric cases, 40.5%. The male to female ratio was 1.5:1 in adults and 2.2:1 in children. Glomerulonephritis (GN) comprised 80.0% of the total. The most common primary GN in adults was minimal change disease (MCD) (26.6%), followed by IgA nephropathy (IgAN) (22.1%), membranous GN (MGN) (11.8%), and membranoproliferative GN (MPGN) (5.9%). In children, the primary GN incidence rates were MCD (24.8%), IgAN (10.3%), poststreptococcal (including postinfectious) GN (PSGN) (8.6%), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) (4.0%). The most common secondary GN in adults was lupus nephritis and in children Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis. The most common cause of nephrotic syndrome was MCD in both adults and children, followed by MGN and FSGS. The elderly, aged sixty years and older, comprised 2.7% of cases and recorded equal numbers of MCD and MGN. The proportion of the biopsies found to be seropositive for HBs antigen was 27.9%, and these showed either MGN or MPGN pattern. Repeat biopsy was performed in 168 patients, due to previous biopsy failure in 15.5%. When the primary GN cases were analyzed at 5-year intervals, the prevalence of PSGN, which was greater than 25% during the 1973-1982 period, decreased abruptly in children thereafter, whereas the prevalence of FSGS increased slowly since the 1988-1992 period in both adults and children. The decrease of PSGN and the increase of FSGS suggest a role for socioeconomic and environmental factors in Korea.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Jeong, Hyeon Joo(정현주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9695-1227
Choi, Kyu Hun(최규헌) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0095-9011
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