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Triple marker screening for fetal chromosomal abnormalities in Korean women of advanced maternal age

Authors
 Sei Kwang Kim  ;  Sang Wook Bai  ;  Jae Eun Chung  ;  Young Nae Jung  ;  Ki Hyun Park  ;  Dong Jae Cho  ;  Jae Wook Kim  ;  Young Ho Yang  ;  Chan Ho Song 
Citation
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.42(2) : 199-203, 2001 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2001
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to assess the value of maternal serum triple marker screening of α-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and unconjugated estriol (uE3) for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal chromosomal abnormalities in Korean women of advanced maternal age. Maternal sera were collected from 458 pregnant Korean women aged 35 between 15 and 20 weeks gestation before amniocentesis. A patient-specific second trimester risk for fetal Down's syndrome was calculated using the median values for AFP, hCG, uE3 and maternal age. Twelve fetal chromosomal abnormalities were identified. These included six cases of trisomy 21, one case of 46,XY/47,XY,+21, two cases of trisomy 18, one case of trisomy 13, and two cases of 45, X. A cutoff level of 1:200 detected 85.7% (6/7) of the cases of Down's syndrome and 20% (1/5) of the other aneuploidies, with a 27.3% false positive rate. However, a cutoff level of 1:270 did not result in any gains in detecting Down's syndrome or other aneuploidies at the expense of a false positive rate of 34.3%. Second trimester triple marker testing is an effective screening tool for detecting fetal Down's syndrome in Korean women ≥ 35 years old. However, it is not an effective screening tool for non-Down's chromosomal abnormalities.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/142324
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김세광(Kim, Sei Kwang) ; 배상욱(Bai, Sang Wook)
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