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고막 천공이 없는 외상성 이소골 탈구의 임상적 고찰

Other Titles
 Clinical study of traumatic ossicular disruption without tympanic membrane perforation 
 최재영  ;  김시찬  ;  윤현철  ;  박기현  ;  이원상 
 Korean Journal of Otolaryngology (대한이비인후과학회지), Vol.44(4) : 696-699, 2001 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology(대한이비인후과학회지)
Issue Date
Ossicular disruption ; Intact tympanic membrane ; Three-dimensional CT scan
Background and Objectives :Ossicular disruptions following trauma can occur without perforation of the tympanic membrane. It is difficult to confirm the presence of ossicular disruption in such cases. We have reviewed the clinical characteristics of patients with traumatic ossicular disruption with an intact tympanic membrane, and purposed a new diagnostic flow chart that utilizes three-dimensional CT scanning. Materials & Methods: Twenty patients who had ossicular disruption with an intact tympanic membrane that was confirmed by exploro-tympanotomy were studied. In two cases where the ossicular chain appeared intact on conventional temporal bone CT, a three-dimensional CT scan was performed. Results: Concomitant temporal bone fracture was not found in 60% of the patients, and only eleven patients showed an Ad-type tympanogram. The most common site of disruption on preoperative temporal bone CT scans was the incudostapedial joint, but exploro-tympanotomy revealed that dislocation of the incus was the most common. The temporal bone CT scans of five patients appeared normal, but the three-dimensional CT scan performed on two of these patients exhibited evidences of ossicular disruption. Conclusion: The diagnosis of ossicular disruption with an intact tympanic membrane can be made through a history of head trauma, audiologic studies(pure tone audiometry, impedance audiometry), and temporal bone CT scans. However, diagnosis may occasionally be difficult with these modalities, and three-dimensional CT scanning can be helpful in such cases.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Jae Young(최재영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9493-3458
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