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Statins Promote Long-Term Recovery after Ischemic Stroke by Reconnecting Noradrenergic Neuronal Circuitry

 Kyoung Joo Cho  ;  So Young Cheon  ;  Gyung Whan Kim 
 NEURAL PLASTICITY, Vol.2015 : 585783, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Animals ; Atorvastatin Calcium ; Behavior, Animal ; Brain Ischemia/drug therapy* ; Brain Ischemia/pathology ; Brain Ischemia/psychology ; Cell Proliferation ; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use* ; Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy ; Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/pathology ; Ischemic Attack, Transient/drug therapy ; Ischemic Attack, Transient/pathology ; Locus Coeruleus/pathology ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Neural Pathways/pathology ; Neurogenesis/drug effects ; Recovery of Function ; Stroke/drug therapy* ; Stroke/pathology ; Stroke/psychology ; Sympathetic Nervous System/pathology*
Inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase (statins), widely used to lower cholesterol in coronary heart and vascular disease, are effective drugs in reducing the risk of stroke and improving its outcome in the long term. After ischemic stroke, cardiac autonomic dysfunction and psychological problems are common complications related to deficits in the noradrenergic (NA) system. This study investigated the effects of statins on the recovery of NA neuron circuitry and its function after transient focal cerebral ischemia (tFCI). Using the wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) transgene technique combined with the recombinant adenoviral vector system, NA-specific neuronal pathways were labeled, and were identified in the locus coeruleus (LC), where NA neurons originate. NA circuitry in the atorvastatin-treated group recovered faster than in the vehicle-treated group. The damaged NA circuitry was partly reorganized with the gradual recovery of autonomic dysfunction and neurobehavioral deficit. Newly proliferated cells might contribute to reorganizing NA neurons and lead anatomic and functional recovery of NA neurons. Statins may be implicated to play facilitating roles in the recovery of the NA neuron and its function.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Gyung Whan(김경환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7053-4372
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