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Hepatitis B viral load predicts survival in hepatocellular carcinoma patients treated with sorafenib

 Seungtaek Lim  ;  Jungwoo Han  ;  Gun Min Kim  ;  Kwang Hyub Han  ;  Hye Jin Choi 
 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol.30(6) : 1024-1031, 2015 
Journal Title
 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sorafenib is now considered as a standard treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated the effect of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA titers on prognosis in HCC patients treated with sorafenib. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, 78 HBV-related HCC patients who received sorafenib treatment at Severance Hospital were included in our analysis. The effect of pretreatment HBV-DNA levels on clinical outcomes for use in predicting prognosis after treatment with sorafenib was examined by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Median overall survival and median progression-free survival were 5.2 months (95% confidence interval: 4.0-6.4) and 3.5 months (95% confidence interval: 2.3-4.7), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed high levels of HBV-DNA (> 2000 IU/mL) to be an independent risk factor for worse overall survival (P=0.005; hazard ratio, 2.85) and disease progression among patients who did not receive concomitant prophylactic antiviral therapy during sorafenib treatment (P=0.008; hazard ratio, 87.4). Moreover, viral reactivation occurred more frequently in patients who did not receive concomitant prophylactic antiviral therapy than in those who did (4/38 vs 0/40; P=0.025). CONCLUSION: Higher HBV-DNA levels prior to sorafenib treatment were associated with poorer prognosis and increased viral reactivation thereafter. These results suggest the potential usefulness of prophylactic antiviral therapy when treating HBV-related HCC patients with sorafenib.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김건민(Kim, Gun Min) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9167-8682
최혜진(Choi, Hye Jin)
한광협(Han, Kwang Hyup)
한정우(Han, Jung Woo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8936-1205
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