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Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and coronary artery calcification in postmenopausal women

 Min Kyung Kim ; Chul Woo Ahn ; Kyung Rae Kim ; Jong Suk Park ; Shinae Kang ; Ji Sun Nam 
 Menopause - the Journal of the North American Menopause Society, Vol.22(12) : 1323~1327, 2015 
Journal Title
 Menopause - the Journal of the North American Menopause Society 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death in postmenopausal women, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been known to be associated with cardiovascular disease. However, little information regarding the relationship between NAFLD and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in postmenopausal women is available. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD and CAC in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Among 4,377 participants who underwent cardiac computed tomography in a health promotion center, 919 postmenopausal women were enrolled. Anthropometric profiles and multiple cardiovascular risk factors were measured. NAFLD was measured by ultrasonography, and CAC was evaluated by cardiac computed tomography. Odds ratios and 95% CI for the presence of CAC, by severity of fatty liver disease, were estimated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Women were stratified into three groups by severity of NAFLD. There were significant differences in cardiovascular parameters among the groups, and prevalence of CAC significantly increased with severity of NAFLD. On logistic regression analysis after adjustment for multiple risk factors, the odds ratios for the prevalence of CAC were as follows (P < 0.05): no NAFLD, 1.0; mild NAFLD, 1.34 (95% CI, 0.92-2.16); moderate to severe NAFLD, 1.83 (95% CI, 1.06-3.16). However, this association was attenuated after adjustment for insulin resistance (P = 0.16). CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant correlation between NAFLD and prevalence of CAC, but NAFLD is not an independent factor for coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women.
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