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Feasibility of three-dimensional reconstruction and automated measurement of fetal long bones using 5D Long Bone

 Hyewon Hur  ;  Young Han Kim  ;  Hee Young Cho  ;  Yong Won Park  ;  Hye-Sung Won  ;  Mi-Young Lee  ;  Bo Hyon Yun  ;  Kwang Hee Lee  ;  Sung Yoon Kim  ;  Junsang Yoo  ;  Ja-Young Kwon 
 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science, Vol.58(4) : 268-276, 2015 
Journal Title
 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 
Issue Date
5D Long Bone ; Fetal biometry ; Fetal long bone ; Three-dimensional ultrasound ; Two-dimensional ultrasound
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of five-dimensional Long Bone (5D LB), a new technique that automatically archives, reconstructs images, and measures lengths of fetal long bones, to assess whether the direction of volume sweep influences fetal long bone measurements in three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and 5D LB, and to compare measurements of fetal long bone lengths obtained with 5D LB and those obtained with conventional two-dimensional (2D) and manual 3D techniques. METHODS: This prospective study included 39 singleton pregnancies at 26+0 to 32+0 weeks of gestation. Multiple pregnancies, fetuses with multiple congenital anomalies, and mothers with underlying medical diseases were excluded. Fetal long bones of the lower extremities-the femur, tibia, and fibula were measured by 2D and 3D ultrasound, and 5D LB, by an expert and non-expert examiner. First, we analyzed the 3D ultrasound and 5D LB data according to 2 different sweeping angles. We analyzed intra- and inter-observer variability and agreement between ultrasound techniques. Paired t-test, interclass correlation coefficient, and Bland-Altman plot and Passing-Bablok regression were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between long bone measurements analyzed according to 2 different volume-sweeping angles by 3D ultrasound and 5D LB. Intra- and inter-observer variability were not significantly different among all 3 ultrasound techniques. Comparing 2D ultrasound and 5D LB, the interclass correlation coefficient for femur, tibia, and fibula was 0.91, 0.92, and 0.89, respectively. CONCLUSION: 5D LB is reproducible and comparable with conventional 2D and 3D ultrasound techniques for fetal long bone measurement.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ja Young(권자영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3009-6325
Kim, Young Han(김영한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0645-6028
Park, Yong Won(박용원)
Yun, Bo Hyon(윤보현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5703-797X
Cho, Hee Young(조희영)
Hur, Hye Won(허혜원)
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