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Effect of preoperative colonoscopic tattooing on lymph node harvest in T1 colorectal cancer

 Jeonghyun Kang  ;  Heae Surng Park  ;  Im-kyung Kim  ;  Younghae Song  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Seung-Kook Sohn  ;  Kang Young Lee 
 International Journal of Colorectal Disease, Vol.30(10) : 1349-1355, 2015 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Colorectal Disease 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the impact of preoperative colonoscopic tattooing (PCT) on lymph node harvest in T1 colorectal cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-three patients were included who underwent curative resection and were diagnosed with T1 colorectal cancer. These patients were categorized into the tattooing group and the non-tattooing group depending on whether preoperative India ink tattooing was done. Clinicopathological findings and lymph node harvest were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The median number of lymph nodes examined was 18 in the tattooing group and 13 in the non-tattooing group (p < 0.001). The rate of adequate lymph node harvest (retrieval of more than 12 lymph nodes) was higher in the tattooing group than that in the non-tattooing group (83.7 vs. 58.5 %, p = 0.002). The PCT was significantly associated with adequate lymph node harvest in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 3.8; 95 % confidence interval, 1.5-9.2; p = 0.003). Among the 40 patients who showed at least one carbon particle-containing lymph nodes, the positive lymph node rate was not different between carbon-containing LNs (0.9 %) and non-carbon-containing LNs (1.7 %). CONCLUSIONS: PCT was associated with higher lymph node yield in T1 colorectal cancer. It is questionable if tattooing has additional detection power as a sentinel lymph node mapping tool in T1 colorectal cancer.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
강정현(Kang, Jeonghyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7311-6053
김임경(Kim, Im Kyung) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8505-5307
박혜성(Park, Heae Surng)
백승혁(Baik, Seung Hyuk)
손승국(Sohn, Seung Kook)
이강영(Lee, Kang Young)
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