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Association of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors With Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease

 Tae Hyun Kim  ;  Min Jee Lee  ;  Ki Bong Yoo  ;  Euna Han  ;  Jae Woo Choi 
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.48(3) : 170-177, 2015 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Demography ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications ; Female ; Glomerular Filtration Rate ; Humans ; Hypertension/complications ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Obesity/complications ; Prevalence ; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications ; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology ; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology* ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Socioeconomic Factors
Chronic kidney disease ; Demographic factors ; Prevention ; Socioeconomic factors
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the association of various demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We used nationally representative pooled data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2007-2013. We estimated the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. We defined CKD as a GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and 1304 of the 45 208 individuals included in the KNHANES were found to have CKD by this definition. The outcome variable was whether individual subjects adhered to the CKD prevention and management guidelines recommended by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The guidelines suggest that individuals maintain a normal weight, abstain from alcohol consumption and smoking, manage diabetes and hypertension, and engage in regular exercise in order to prevent and manage CKD. RESULTS: This study found that individuals with CKD were more likely to be obese and have hypertension or diabetes than individuals without CKD. In particular, male and less-educated CKD patients were less likely to adhere to the guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: Although the prevalence of CKD, as indicated by the KNHANES data, decreased from 2007 to 2013, the prevalence of most risk factors associated with CKD fluctuated over the same time period. Since a variety of demographic and socioeconomic factors are related to the successful implementation of guidelines for preventing and managing CKD, individually tailored prevention activities should be developed.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae Hyun(김태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1053-8958
Choi, Jae Woo(최재우)
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