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Effect of Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Infusion on Postoperative Bowel Movements in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Gastrectomy: A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study

Authors
 Jin Sun Cho  ;  Hyoung-Il Kim  ;  Young Chul Yoo  ;  Ju Yeon Cho  ;  Sun Joon Bai  ;  Ji Yeong An  ;  Ki-Young Lee 
Citation
 Medicine, Vol.94(24) : 959-959, 2015 
Journal Title
 Medicine 
ISSN
 0025-7974 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
Sympathetic hyperactivation is one of the causes of postoperative ileus, which occurs frequently after abdominal surgery and adversely influences the patient's prognosis. We aimed to investigate whether dexmedetomidine (DEX) could attenuate postoperative ileus in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy. Ninety-two patients were randomized to the control (n = 46) or DEX group (n = 46). DEX was administered at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg for 10 minutes, followed by an infusion rate of 0.4 μg/kg/h from insufflation of the pneumoperitoneum to the end of surgery. The primary goal was to compare postoperative bowel movements by evaluating the time to first flatus. The balance of the autonomic nervous system, duration of postoperative hospital stay, and pain scores were assessed. The time to first flatus was shorter in the DEX group compared with the control group (67.2 ± 16.8 hours vs 79.9 ± 15.9 hours, P < 0.001). The low-frequency/high-frequency power ratio during pneumoperitoneum increased in the control group, compared with baseline values and the DEX group. The length of postoperative hospital stay was shorter in the DEX group compared with the control group (5.4 ± 0.7 days vs 5.8 ± 1.1 days, P = 0.04). Patients in the DEX group had lower pain scores and required fewer analgesics at 1 hour postoperatively. DEX facilitated bowel movements and reduced the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy. This may be attributed to the sympatholytic and opioid-sparing effects of DEX.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140575
DOI
10.1097/MD.0000000000000959
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김형일(Kim, Hyoung Il) ; 배선준(Bai, Sun Joon) ; 유영철(Yoo, Young Chul) ; 이기영(Lee, Ki Young) ; 조진선(Cho, Jin Sun)
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