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The ratio of early transmitral flow velocity (E) to early mitral annular velocity (Em) predicts improvement in left ventricular systolic and diastolic function 1 year after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation

Authors
 In-Soo Kim ; Tae-Hoon Kim ; Hui-Nam Pak ; Moon-Hyoung Lee ; Geu-Ru Hong ; Boyoung Joung ; Jae Sun Uhm ; Hee-Sun Mun ; Chi-Young Shim 
Citation
 Europace, Vol.17(7) : 1051~1058, 2015 
Journal Title
 Europace 
ISSN
 1099-5129 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
AIMS: Successful rhythm control after atrial fibrillation catheter ablation is known to induce left atrial reverse remodelling and improve left ventricular (LV) function. We explored the clinical factors affecting LV systolic and diastolic function 1-year after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared pre-procedural and 1-year follow-up echocardiograms in 521 patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent catheter ablation. Left ventricular systolic function was estimated by the ejection fraction (EF); diastolic function was estimated by the ratio of early transmitral flow velocity (E) to early mitral annular velocity (Em). (i) Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation significantly reduced left atrium volume index (P < 0.001) and improved LV EF both in patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation (n = 133, P = 0.008) and those without recurrence (n = 388, P < 0.001). (ii) Follow-up EF was significantly improved in patients with baseline E/Em < 15 (n = 454, P < 0.001), whereas E/Em was significantly reduced in patients with pre-procedural E/Em ≥ 15 (n = 67, P = 0.008). (iii) Baseline E/Em < 15 (β = -3.854, 95% CI -5.99 to -1.72, P < 0.001), baseline EF <50% (β = 10.586, 95% CI 7.55 to 13.63, P < 0.001), and female (β = -1.726, 95% CI -3.36 to -0.10, P = 0.038) were independently associated with improved EF. Baseline E/Em ≥ 15 (β = 4.896, 95% CI 3.45 to 6.34, P < 0.001) and younger age (β = -0.066, 95% CI -0.11 to -0.02, P = 0.003) were independent factors associated with improved E/Em. CONCLUSION: Pre-procedural E/Em predicted improvement in LV systolic and diastolic functions 1 year after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Low baseline E/Em was independently associated with improved EF, while high E/Em predicted improvement in LV diastolic function.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140558
DOI
10.1093/europace/euu346
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://europace.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/7/1051.long
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