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Optimal Candidates for the Switch from Glimepiride to Sitagliptin to Reduce Hypoglycemia in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

 Hyun Min Kim  ;  Jung Soo Lim  ;  Byung Wan Lee  ;  Eun Seok Kang  ;  Hyun Chul Lee  ;  Bong Soo Cha 
 Endocrinology and Metabolism (대한내분비학회지), Vol.30(1) : 84-91, 2015 
Journal Title
 Endocrinology and Metabolism (대한내분비학회지) 
Issue Date
DPP-4 inhibitors ; Diabetes mellitus, type 2 ; Hypoglycemia
BACKGROUND: Sitagliptin is a novel antidiabetic agent with a low risk for hypoglycemia. We investigated the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin when patients switched from a sulfonylurea to sitagliptin and identified good candidates for the switch. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with type 2 diabetes switched from glimepiride with metformin to sitagliptin with metformin due to clinical hypoglycemia. Serum glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (2h-PPG) before and 12 and 24 weeks after the drug switch were checked. RESULTS: HbA1c and FPG levels did not change 12 or 24 weeks after the switch; however, the 2h-PPG level decreased from 218.0±67.5 mg/dL at baseline to 197.1±69.9 mg/dL at 12 weeks and 192.3±67.4 mg/dL at 24 weeks after switching drugs (P=0.045, P=0.018, respectively). All but one patient no longer experienced hypoglycemia after discontinuing glimepiride. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, a high homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and low baseline HbA1c level were independent predictors of an HbA1c ≤7% after switching to sitagliptin. CONCLUSION: Glycemic control was not aggravated in patients 24 weeks after the drug switch, and symptomatic hypoglycemia decreased significantly. Patients with dominant insulin resistance may be good candidates for switching from a sulfonylurea to sitagliptin to reduce hypoglycemia.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Seok(강은석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0364-4675
Lee, Byung Wan(이병완) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9899-4992
Lee, Hyun Chul(이현철)
Cha, Bong Soo(차봉수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-2854
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