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Characteristics of attitude and recommendation of oncologists toward exercise in South Korea: a cross sectional survey study

 Ji-Hye Park  ;  Minsuk Oh  ;  Yong Jin Yoon  ;  Chul Won Le  ;  Lee W Jones  ;  Seung Il Kim  ;  Nam Kyu Kim  ;  Justin Y Jeon 
 BMC CANCER, Vol.15 : 249, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Attitude of Health Personnel* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Exercise Therapy* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Medical Oncology ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasms/epidemiology ; Neoplasms/therapy* ; Physicians* ; Republic of Korea ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Physical activity recommendations ; Oncologist ; Cancer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to examine 1) characteristics and attitudes of oncologists toward exercise and toward recommending exercise to their patients, 2) association among oncologists' own physical activity levels, exercise recommendations, and their attitudes toward recommending exercise. METHODS: A total of 167 oncologists participated in this survey study (41 surgeons, 78 medical oncologists, 25 radiation oncologists, and 21 others). Most oncologists included in the study treat more than one type of cancer, including colorectal, gastric, breast, lung, and liver cancer. To analyze the data, the one-way ANOVA, and t-test were used. All data were indicated for mean, SD, and proportions. RESULTS: Most oncologists agreed that exercise is beneficial (72.8%) and important (69.6%), but only 39.2% of them agreed that exercise is safe, and only 7.2% believed that cancer patients manage to exercise during cancer treatment. Forty-six percentage of the surveyed oncologists recommended exercise to their patients during the past month. The average amount of participation in physical activity by oncologists who participated in the study was 139.5 ± 120.3 min per week, and 11.4% of the study participants met the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines. Oncologists' own physical activity levels were associated with their attitudes toward recommending exercise. Belief in the benefits of exercise in the performance of daily tasks, improvement of mental health, and the attenuation of physical decline from treatment were the three most prevalent reasons why oncologists recommend exercise to their patients. Barriers to recommending exercise to patients included lack of time, unclear exercise recommendations, and the safety of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Oncologists have favorable attitudes toward exercise and toward recommending exercise to their patients during treatment. However, they also experience barriers to recommending exercise, including lack of time, unclear exercise guidelines for cancer patients, and concerns regarding the safety of exercise.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Kim, Seung Il(김승일)
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