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Suppression of Peripheral Sympathetic Activity Underlies Protease-Activated Receptor 2-Mediated Hypotension

Authors
 Young Hwan Kim  ;  Duck Sun Ahn  ;  Ji Hyun Joeng  ;  Seungsoo Chung 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology, Vol.18(6) : 489-495, 2014 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology 
ISSN
 1226-4512 
Issue Date
2014
Abstract
Protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2 is expressed in endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. It plays a crucial role in regulating blood pressure via the modulation of peripheral vascular tone. Although some reports have suggested involvement of a neurogenic mechanism in PAR-2-induced hypotension, the accurate mechanism remains to be elucidated. To examine this possibility, we investigated the effect of PAR-2 activation on smooth muscle contraction evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) in the superior mesenteric artery. In the present study, PAR-2 agonists suppressed neurogenic contractions evoked by EFS in endothelium-denuded superior mesenteric arterial strips but did not affect contraction elicited by the external application of noradrenaline (NA). However, thrombin, a potent PAR-1 agonist, had no effect on EFS-evoked contraction. Additionally, ω-conotoxin GVIA (CgTx), a selective N-type Ca(2+) channel (ICa-N) blocker, significantly inhibited EFS-evoked contraction, and this blockade almost completely occluded the suppression of EFS-evoked contraction by PAR-2 agonists. Finally, PAR-2 agonists suppressed the EFS-evoked overflow of NA in endothelium-denuded rat superior mesenteric arterial strips and this suppression was nearly completely occluded by ω-CgTx. These results suggest that activation of PAR-2 may suppress peripheral sympathetic outflow by modulating activity of ICa-N which are located in peripheral sympathetic nerve terminals, which results in PAR-2-induced hypotension.
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DOI
10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.6.489
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김영환(Kim, Young Hwan)
안덕선(Ahn, Duk Sun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9351-6951
정승수(Chung, Seung Soo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3119-9628
정지현(Joeng, Ji Hyun)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/138786
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