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The association between concealing emotions at work and medical utilization in Korea

Authors
 Hongdeok Seok  ;  Jin-Ha Yoon  ;  Wanhyung Lee  ;  June-Hee Lee  ;  Pil Kyun Jung  ;  Inah Kim  ;  Jong-Uk Won  ;  Jaehoon Roh 
Citation
 ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, Vol.26 : 31, 2014 
Journal Title
 ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE 
Issue Date
2014
Keywords
Health services accessibility ; Inpatients ; Korea ; Occupational health ; Outpatients ; Pharmacy ; Psychological stress
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between concealing emotions at work and medical utilization. METHODS: Data from the 2007-2009 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) was used, 7,094 participants (3,837 males, 3,257 females) aged between 20 and 54 who were economically active and completed all necessary questionnaire items were included. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for differences in hospitalization, outpatient visits, and pharmaceutical drug use between those who concealed their emotions and those who did not were investigated using logistic regression models with and without gender stratification. RESULTS: Among those who concealed their emotions (n = 2,763), 47.4% were females, and 50.1% had chronic disease. In addition, 9.7% of the concealing emotions group had been hospitalized within the last year, 24.8% had been outpatients in the last two weeks, and 28.3% had used pharmaceutical drugs in the last two weeks. All ORs represent the odds of belonging to the concealing emotions group over the non-concealing emotions group. After adjustment for individual, occupational, socioeconomic and disease factors, the adjusted ORs (95% CI) in hospitalization are 1.29 (1.08 ~ 1.53) in the total population, 1.25 (0.98 ~ 1.60) in males and 1.30 (1.02 ~ 1.66) in females, in outpatient visits are 1.15 (1.02 ~ 1.29) in the total population, 1.05 (0.88 ~ 1.24) in males and 1.25 (1.06 ~ 1.47) in females and in pharmaceutical drug use are 1.12 (1.01 ~ 1.25) in the total population, 1.08 (0.92 ~ 1.27) in males and 1.14 (0.98 ~ 1.33) in females. CONCLUSIONS: Those who concealed their emotions at work were more likely to use medical services. Moreover, the health effects of concealing emotions at work might be more detrimental in women than in men.
Files in This Item:
T201405482.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s40557-014-0031-2
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, In Ah(김인아)
Roh, Jae Hoon(노재훈)
Won, Jong Uk(원종욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9200-3297
Yoon, Jin Ha(윤진하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-2955
Lee, June Hee(이준희)
Jung, Pil Kyun(정필균)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/138694
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