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A case of multiple myeloma in a poultry worker

Authors
 Pil Kyun Jung  ;  Inah Kim  ;  Inhyo Park  ;  Chinyon Kim  ;  Eun-A Kim  ;  Jaehoon Roh 
Citation
 ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, Vol.26(1) : 35, 2014 
Journal Title
 ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE 
Issue Date
2014
Keywords
Formaldehyde ; Hematologic neoplasm ; Multiple myeloma ; Pesticides ; Poultry ; Solvents
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Livestock breeders including poultry workers are exposed to various agricultural chemicals including pesticides and/or organic solvents. Multiple myeloma is a rare disease in Korea, and few reports have investigated the influence of occupational exposures on multiple myeloma occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old male poultry farm worker presented with bone pain and generalized weakness. A bone marrow biopsy was performed, and he was diagnosed with multiple myeloma. The patient had worked in a poultry farm for 16 years and was exposed to various pesticides and organic solvents such as formaldehyde without any proper personal protective equipment. Results of the work reenactment revealed that the concentration of formaldehyde (17.53 ppm) greatly exceeded the time-weighted average (0.5 ppm) and short-term exposure limit (1.0 ppm) suggested in the Korean Industrial Safety and Health Act. CONCLUSIONS: This case report suggests that poultry workers may be exposed to high levels of various hazardous chemicals including pesticides and/or organic solvents. Numerous previous studies have suggested an association between multiple myeloma and exposure to agricultural chemicals; thus, multiple myeloma in this patient might have resulted from the prolonged, high exposure to these chemicals.
Files in This Item:
T201405206.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s40557-014-0035-y
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, In Ah(김인아)
Kim, Chi Nyon(김치년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5693-3307
Roh, Jae Hoon(노재훈)
Jung, Pil Kyun(정필균)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/138660
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