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AMPK γ2 subunit gene PRKAG2 polymorphism associated with cognitive function as well as diabetes in old age

Other Titles
 인지기능 및 당뇨병과 관련된 AMPK 감마2 유전자 PRKAG2의 유전다형성 
 Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) 
Issue Date
Dept. of Medicine/박사
Metabolic and cognitive disorders are closely related. However, the mechanism underlying this relationship is still under a debate. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key regulator of energy metabolism. Energy metabolism deficiency has been consistently implicated in the pathogenesis of cognitive decline such as Alzheimer’s disease as well as metabolic disorders including diabetes. This study aimed to examine whether the AMPK γ2 gene, PRKAG2 -26 C/T polymorphism is associated with cognitive functions and diabetes in the Korean community elderly aged from 60 to 80 (n = 1,609). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between the -26C/T single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; CC versus CT/TT) and cognitive impairment (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.2) after adjusting for age, gender, education, smoking, alcohol drinking, depression, waist circumference and the number of APOE e4 allele. Moreover, this SNP (CC/CT versus TT) was also related to the presence of diabetes (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.8). Importantly, the relationship between the SNP and cognitive impairment was still significant in persons who had no diabetes (P = 0.015). Further analyses with subpopulation (n = 546) revealed that CC homozygotes relative to T-allele carriers had significantly better performances in verbal and visual memory and attention. These findings collectively supports a hypothesis that AMPK has a role in cognitive functioning, as well as metabolic functioning, in humans even when excluding the potential secondary effect of diabetes on cognition. Further longitudinal study with larger sample size and additional SNPs is warranted.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 3. Dissertation
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eosu(김어수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9472-9465
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