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Comparative expression of matrix associated genes and inflammatory cytokines associated genes according to disc degeneration : analysis of living human nucleus pulposus

Other Titles
 추간판의 퇴행정도에 따른 기질관련 유전자와 염증매개 cytokine관련 유전자의 발현 정도의 비교 : 생체 추간판 수핵을 이용한 분석 
 Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) 
Issue Date
Dept. of Medicine/박사
[영문]This study was conducted to investigate the expressions of various genes associated with matrix synthesis, and to examine relations between the expressions of inflammatory cytokines and degrees of disc degeneration in human discs. Degenerated discs were obtained from 18 patients who underwent discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. Disc degeneration was graded by T2-weighted MRI using Pfirrmann’s grading system. Discs were allocated to two groups; Group I (9 patients) ? mildly degenerated discs (grades 2 and 3), and Group II (9 patients) ? severely degenerated discs (grades 4 and 5). Cells from the nucleus pulposus were isolated and then cultured as monolayers. The mRNA expressions of aggrecan, Type II collagen, Sox9, Type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, TNF-α, and IL-1β in the two groups were compared by real-time PCR, and those of matrix associate proteins (aggrecan, Type II collagen, Sox9, Type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin) were compared by western blotting. mRNA expressions in Group I were upregulated versus Group II to the following extents; 1.83 times for aggrecan, 1.82 times for Type II collagen, 1.80 times for Sox9, 1.41 times for Type I collagen, 1.38 times for alkaline phosphatase, 1.80 times for osteocalcin, and. Furthermore, western blotting showed that aggrecan, Type II collagen, Sox9, Type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin were higher in Group I. However, the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-1β were 1.26 and 1.11-fold upregulated in Group II. Mildly degenerated discs showed greater matrix, chondrogenic, and osteoblastic gene expressions than severely degenerated discs, indicating that the ability to produce matrix-associated proteins is greater for cells in mildly degenerated than in severely degenerated discs. However, inflammatory cytokines genes associated with disc degeneration were expressed at higher levels in the severely degenerated group. This study shows that a reduction in matrix synthesis and an increase of inflammatory cytokine levels occurs during disc degeneration.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 3. Dissertation
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jeong Yoon(박정윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3728-7784
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