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Nail shop의 실내환경 및 건강자각증상 조사

Other Titles
 (A) study of indoor environmental and health subjective symptoms in nail shop 
Authors
 심정희 
Issue Date
2008
Description
환경보건학과/석사
Abstract
[한글] 이 연구는 네일 숍 내 근무환경에 대한 실내 환경조사와 이에 따른 자각증상에 대한 조사이다. 연구 대상 및 방법으로 2008년 3월 서울지역 네일숍 2곳을 대상으로 예비조사를 진행하였고, 4월 12일부터 4월 25일까지 본 조사를 진행하였다. 서울지역의 네일숍 10곳, 경기 3곳 및 인천 2곳을 대상으로 근무자 54명에 대한 환경 조사 및 근무자 설문을 실시하였다. 사전 조사에서 VOCs 물질 toluene 등 9가지 물질과, aldehyde 물질 formaldehyde 등 4가지 물질 선정하여, 본 조사를 진행하였다. 설문조사 내용으로 일반적, 근무적, 조사자 특성, 건강자각증상, 건강상태에 대해 조사 하였다. 연구결과로서 네일 숍에 따른 평균 온도 24.9oC, 평균 습도 41.2%, 평균 면적 38.9 m3, 일평균 이용자 19.7명, 평균 근무자는 4명, 여성 평균 27.6세였으며, 72.2%가 시력이 영향이 있는 것으로 조사되었다. 실내 환경조사에서 일반적 항목인 일산화탄소가 평균 1.4ppm, 이산화탄소 948.9 ppm, 먼지 76 ug/m3으로 이산화탄소가 높은 편으로 나타났다. 유해화학물질 중 발암 물질로 알려진 benzene의 평균농도는 12.39 ug/m3 이며, trichloroethylene의 평균농도는 4.33 ug/m3, formaldehyde 평균농도는 77.49 ug/m3, acetaldehyde 21.17 ug/m3으로 조사되었다. 화학물질 중 비발암 물질로 toluene의 평균농도는 302.12 ug/m3이며, 2-propanal 7278.42 ug/m3, ethyl acetate 354.05 ug/m3, n-butyl acetate 2533.19 ug/m3, ethyl benzene 18.11 ug/m3, hexamethyl disiloxane가 35.09 ug/m3 로 조사되었다. 오전과 오후 손님이 많은 시간대에서 환경농도를 측정한 결과 toluene, n-butyl acetate, hexamethyl disiloxane, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde에서 오전에 비해 오후 손님이 많은 시간대에서 더 높게 나타났다. 환경 중 농도와 건강자각증상과의 상관관계에서는 목자극에 대해서는 2-propanal, benzene, toluene, n-buthylacetate, ethylbenzene, xylene에서 유의하게 상관성을 보였다(p<0.01). Benzene은 코, 목, 기침, 손 자극에서만 상관성을 보이고 있었으며(p<0.05), toluene는 목, 기침, 피로 증상에서 상관성을 보였다(p<0.05). 결론 및 제언으로서 본 연구에서 네일아트 활동으로 인하여 여러 가지 휘발성 유기화합물이 유발할 수 있는 실내환경 조건을 가지고 있는 것으로 조사되었으며, 네일 숍의 환경노출과 근무자들의 자각증상으로 위해요인을 판단해 본 연구로서 근무환경에 대한 개선이 필요하다.
[영문] The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential exposure of chemicals from the working environment of nail shops and determine related self-reported symptoms from the nail shop workers. A total of 54 nail shop workers from 10 different locations in Seoul, 3 in Kyungki , and 2 in Incheon were asked to conduct a survey concerning their working environment. VOCs detected during the pre-test including toluene and nine other substances as well as a type of aldehyde such as formaldehyde and four other substances were chosen in this study. The results demonstrated that the average temperature, humidity, and area of the nail shop were 24.9?C, 41.2%, and 38.9m3 respectively. Moreover, the average number of visitors, workers, and the age of female were 19.7, 4, and 27.6 respectively, The eye sight of the nail shop workers also decreased by 72.2%. The analysis of indoor environment showed that the most frequently observed substances such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and dust had concentration of 1.4ppm, 948.9ppm, and 76ug/m3 respectively, in which the carbon dioxide revealed the highest concentration. The concentration of carcinogenic substances including benzene, trichloroethylene, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were 12.39ug/m3, 4.33ug/m3, 77.49ug/m3 was 21.17ug/m3 respectively. In contrast, non-carcinogenic substances including toluene had average concentration of 302.12ug/m3, 2-propanol was 7278.42ug/m3, ethyl acetate was 354.05ug/m3, n-butyl acetate was 2533.19ug/m3, ethyl benzene was 18.11ug/m3, and hexamethyl disiloxane was 35.09ug/m3. The study on the relationship between the environmental concentration of chemical substances and the self-reported symptoms of nail shop workers demonstrated that there was a significant relationship between the neck pain and substances such as 2-propanal, benzene, toluene, n-buthylacetate, ethylbenzene, and xylene (p<0.01). Furthermore, symptoms in the nose, neck, hands and recurrent coughs had significant relationship with benzene (p<0.05), whereas, toluene showed significant relationship with neck pain and symptoms such as coughs and fatigue (p<0.05). In conclusion, it is predicted that the substances utilized in the nail shops have potential to release various VOCs within the working environment. Concerning the environmental exposure of these substances and self-reported symptoms, it would be crucial to improve the working environment for the health and safety of the nail shop workers.
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Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Others (기타) > 2. Thesis
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/124239
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