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부모의 양육태도와 자녀의 불안정도에 관한 연구 : 일개 여자 중학교 학생을 중심으로

Other Titles
 A study on the relationship between parents' child-rearing attitudes and children's anxiety levels 
Issue Date
1986
Description
보건학과/석사
Abstract
[한글] 본 연구는 부모의 양육태도와 자녀의 불안정도에 대한 관계를 규명하기 위한 서술적 조사연구(Descriptive Survey Research)이다. 연구의 목적은 부모의 양육태도와 자녀의 불안정도에 대한 관계를 규명하여 불안문제가 갖는 정신간호 영역의 중요성을 인식하여 학생 행동 이해에 도움을 얻고 부모와 자녀관계를 원활히 하기 위한 기초 자료를 제공하는데 있다. 연구대상은 서울시내에 위치하고 있는 일개 여자중학교를 선택하여 2,265명의 학생을 대상으로 불안을 측정하고 점수분포에 따라 불안이 높은 군 88명과 정상 군 90명을 추출하여 총 178명의 부모 양육 태도를 양친용과 자녀용으로 나누어 측정하였다. 연구도구로는 자녀의 불안측정을 위해 Zung이 고안한 Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS)을 이용하였고, 부모 양육태도 측정을 위해서는 오기선의 어버이-자녀관계 진단검사용 도구를 사용하였다. 통계적인 검정을 위해서는 SPSS Program을 이용하여 전산처리 하였다. 일반적 특성과 양육태도 유형별 불안정도와의 관계를 검정하기 위해 빈도에 대해 X**2-Test를 연구문제에 대한 검정을 위해서는 백분위 점수의 차이를 T-Test로 비교하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 연구대상자의 일반적 특성 비교는 부의 학력(χ**2=11.54, P<.001)과 모의 학력 (χ**2=10.81, P<.001)에서 불안이 높은 학생들이 정상인 학생들에 비해 학력이 낮고, 부정적인 양육태도를 보인다고 했으며 이것은 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 있었다. 2. 불안이 높은 학생들이 정상인 학생들에 비해 부와 모의 양육 태도의 차이가 많았으며, 부보다는 모가 더 부정적인 태도로 자녀를 대하고 있었다. 3. 불안이 높은 학생들이 정상인 학생들에 비해 부모보다는 자녀들이 더 부정적인 태도로 지각하고 있었다. 따라서 자녀의 불안은 부모가 지각하는 양육태도 보다는 자녀의 지각과 더 많은 관계가 있었으며, 이것은 통계적으로 유의했다. 이상의 결과를 통해서 부모의 양육태도는 유형에 따라 자녀의 불안정도와 관련이 있다는 것을 규명함으로써, 부모와 자녀관계, 부와 모의 관계가 일치될 수 있도록 중재함으로써, 불일치함으로 인해 일어날 수 있는 문제 행동을 이해하는데 도움을 얻을 수 있고, 실제 임상에서도 적용될 수 있기를 바란다. A Study on the Relationship between Parents' Child-rearing Attitudes and Children's Anxiety levels. Mee-ho Chu Graduate School of Health, Science and Management, Yonsei University (Directed by Professor Kim, so Ya Ja, D.N.Sc.) This study is a descriptive survey research for the investigation of the relationship between parents' child-rearing attitudes and children's anxiety levels. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between parents' child-rearing attitudes and children's anxiety levels and to provide the basic data for a dynamic approach which is important in the field of modern, psychiatric nursing that understands and analyzes the meaning of children's behavior. The subjects of this study were 2265 students selected from one girls' middle school in Seoul. I surveyed anxiety from them, selected a higher anxiety group of 88 students and a normal group of 90 students according to the distribution of grades, and surveyed a total of 178 students' parents' child-rea-ring attitudes, which was divided for both parents and children. I used two methods of survey. One was "Self-rating anxiety Scale"(developed by Zung) for the survey of children's anxiety and the other was "Parent-Child Relations Scale" (developed by Oh Ki-sun) for the survey of parents' child-rearing attitudes. I used SPSS program for the statistic test and computerized it. I compared X**2-Test for the frequency to test the relationship between the general characteristics and anxiety levels for each type of parents' child-rearing attitudes and the percentile for the test of the problems for study with T-test. The results of this study are as follows. 1. In the comparison of general characteristics of the subjects, the students who had higher anxiety were lower in the father's scholarly attainments (X=11.54, P<.001) and those of the mother (X=10.81, P<.001) than the normal students and the former's parents showed the negative parents' child-rearing attitudes and this was statistically significant. 2. Compared the students who had higher anxiety with normal students, the former's father and mother showed much difference in their parents' child-rearing attitudes and the mother rather than the father treated her children in the more negative attitude. 3. The students who had higher anxiety rather than their parents perceived in the more negative attitude than the normal students. Therefore children's anxiety had more to do with children's perception than the parents' child-rearing attitudes perceived by their parents, and this was statistically significant. From the above results I surveyed that parents' child-rearing attitudes has something to do with children's anxiety levels according to some types of parents' child-rearing attitudes. By mediating the harmony of the relationships between parents and children and between father and mother. We can get help in understanding problem behavior which can be caused by their discord and I hope it will be applicable in actual clinic, too.
[영문] This study is a descriptive survey research for the investigation of the relationship between parents' child-rearing attitudes and children's anxiety levels. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between parents' child-rearing attitudes and children's anxiety levels and to provide the basic data for a dynamic approach which is important in the field of modern, psychiatric nursing that understands and analyzes the meaning of children's behavior. The subjects of this study were 2265 students selected from one girls' middle school in Seoul. I surveyed anxiety from them, selected a higher anxiety group of 88 students and a normal group of 90 students according to the distribution of grades, and surveyed a total of 178 students' parents' child-rea-ring attitudes, which was divided for both parents and children. I used two methods of survey. One was "Self-rating anxiety Scale"(developed by Zung) for the survey of children's anxiety and the other was "Parent-Child Relations Scale" (developed by Oh Ki-sun) for the survey of parents' child-rearing attitudes. I used SPSS program for the statistic test and computerized it. I compared X**2-Test for the frequency to test the relationship between the general characteristics and anxiety levels for each type of parents' child-rearing attitudes and the percentile for the test of the problems for study with T-test. The results of this study are as follows. 1. In the comparison of general characteristics of the subjects, the students who had higher anxiety were lower in the father's scholarly attainments (X=11.54, P<.001) and those of the mother (X=10.81, P<.001) than the normal students and the former's parents showed the negative parents' child-rearing attitudes and this was statistically significant. 2. Compared the students who had higher anxiety with normal students, the former's father and mother showed much difference in their parents' child-rearing attitudes and the mother rather than the father treated her children in the more negative attitude. 3. The students who had higher anxiety rather than their parents perceived in the more negative attitude than the normal students. Therefore children's anxiety had more to do with children's perception than the parents' child-rearing attitudes perceived by their parents, and this was statistically significant. From the above results I surveyed that parents' child-rearing attitudes has something to do with children's anxiety levels according to some types of parents' child-rearing attitudes. By mediating the harmony of the relationships between parents and children and between father and mother. We can get help in understanding problem behavior which can be caused by their discord and I hope it will be applicable in actual clinic, too.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/117279
Appears in Collections:
2. 학위논문 > 4. Graduate School of Public Health > 석사
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