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나환자의 나병에 대한 지식 및 태도와 심리적 곤경도와의 관계

Other Titles
 Knowledge, attitude and paychological distress in leprosy patients 
Issue Date
1983
Description
보건학과/석사
Abstract
[한글] 나환자는 나병이 진행되면서 자의식의 상실과 좌절감등 많은 심리적 문제를 내포하게 되므로서 나병의 효과적이고 규칙적인 치료를 시행하는테 커다란 장애가 되고 있다. 이러한 심리적 문제는 여러가지 요인과 관계가 있으나 본 연구에서는 활자교육으로 해결될 수 있는 변수인 나병에 대한 지식 및 태도가 심리적곤경도와 관계가 있을 것으로 생각되어 이를 검증하고 또한 심리적곤경도에 영향을 미치는 요인중 지식과 태도가 어느 정도의 설명력이 있는가를 알아보고자 실시하였다. 연구자료는 1983년 4월 18일부터 5월 7일 사이에 2개 정착농원과 2개 수용시설에 거주하는 나환자 212명을 면담하여 수집하였으며 수집된 자료는 분산분석, Pearson's r, t-test, .x**2-test등으로 분석하였다. 심리적곤경도는 McLachlan의 "심리적곤경척도"를 우리나라 사람에 알맞게 수정한 것으로 측정하였고 나병에 대한 지식과 태도의 측정은 본 연구자가 작성 사용하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 나병에 대한 지식자 태도는 심리적곤경도와 통계학적으로 유의한 관계가 있었다. 즉 나병에 대한 지식이 많을 때 흑은 태도가 긍정적일때 심리적부담은 적었다. 2. 나환자의 심리적곤경도에 영향을 미치는 요인은 태도, 결혼상태, 지식, 교육수준, 치료기간, 연령등의 순서였으며 따라서 나병에 대한 지식과 태도는 매우 중요한 요인으로 나타났다. Knowledge, Attitude and Psychological Distress in Leprosy Patients Young Ja Cha Graduate School of health, Science and Management, Yonsei University (Directed by Il Soon Kim) This study was conducted to explore the relation between knowledge on and attitude towards Leprosy and psychological distress and to indentify factors which affect the Psychological distress in leprosy patients. 212 leprosy patients (male 142, female 70) were selected from the trio resettlement villages and two leprosariums for this study. Data was collected by means of interview and the study was carried out from Aprol 18 to May 7 in 1983. For the measurement of the psychological distress, the McLacHan's "Psychological Distress" scale which consists of 30 items translated & amended by Dong-Kyoun Shin was adopted. For the measurement of knowledge on leprosy and attitude towards leprosy, questionnaires consist of 10 items each were prepared by the author. The results obtained from the study are summarized below: 1. Statistically significant inverse relationship between Knowledge and psychological distress (p<0.01) and between attitude and psychological distress (P<0.0001) were observed. 2. The attitude and Knowledge were the most important predictors to determine psychological distress in leprosy patient. Marrital status, education level, duration of treatment and age were also found to be important predictors in addition to knowledge and attitude.
[영문] This study was conducted to explore the relation between knowledge on and attitude towards Leprosy and psychological distress and to indentify factors which affect the Psychological distress in leprosy patients. 212 leprosy patients (male 142, female 70) were selected from the trio resettlement villages and two leprosariums for this study. Data was collected by means of interview and the study was carried out from Aprol 18 to May 7 in 1983. For the measurement of the psychological distress, the McLacHan's "Psychological Distress" scale which consists of 30 items translated & amended by Dong-Kyoun Shin was adopted. For the measurement of knowledge on leprosy and attitude towards leprosy, questionnaires consist of 10 items each were prepared by the author. The results obtained from the study are summarized below: 1. Statistically significant inverse relationship between Knowledge and psychological distress (p<0.01) and between attitude and psychological distress (P<0.0001) were observed. 2. The attitude and Knowledge were the most important predictors to determine psychological distress in leprosy patient. Marrital status, education level, duration of treatment and age were also found to be important predictors in addition to knowledge and attitude.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/117120
Appears in Collections:
2. 학위논문 > 4. Graduate School of Public Health > 석사
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