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한국농촌에 있어서 인구동태 통계의 개선방안에 관한 연구

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 (An) experimental study on improvement of vital statistics in rural Korea 
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[영문] Accurate vital statistics are necessary for evaluation and development in the health and medical as well as other fields. However, it is difficult to obtain accurate statistics regarding vital events such as birth and death in this country. According to the annual statistical report of 1966, only 52% of the estimated actual number of births and 78% of deaths were reported in that year. Thus the specific purpose of this study is to improve vital statistics with such methods as, 1) prompt reporting of vital events by village chiefs without the delaying factors caused by administrative process, 2) appointing a delivery kit holder in each village and requiring him to record vital statistics, 3) reporting vital events through elementary schoolchildren and classroom teachers, and 4) teaching people in the experimental area the importance of vital statistics. For the study area 13 villages were chosen in Choongbu-Myun, Kwangju County, located 26 kilometers southeast of Seoul. For a one year period beginning November, 1967, prenatal, post-natal and IUD services were provided for 795 eligible women out of a population of 5,656, which included 982 households. These services were used as an incentive for improvement of vital statistics. The results of the study are briefly summarized as follows: 1. The reporting of vital events rose from 18% to 26% of total births and from 3% to 18% of total deaths (as found through preliminary and post-study surveys.) 2. The reporting rate of vital events, by informants, was 44.6%(birth) and 45.0%(death) by kitholders, 33.8%(birth) and 25.0%(death) by schoolchildren, 21.6%(birth) and 30.0%(death) by village chiefs. 3. a) In the post-survey 63% of the women were found to understand the method of reporting vital events to the village chief. The better educated they were and the more understanding they had of mass media, the more they knew about reporting regulations. b) For the study area as a whole, more villagers understood the regulations concerning the reporting of vital events after the study period(60%) than before the study period(30%), as measured by the pre- and post-surveys. 4. Compared with their knowledge of delivery care(68%), prenatal care(64%), and family planning(80%), 42% of the women utilized delivery kits, 15% received prenatal care and 21% carried out family planning. In short, it was found that the reporting of vital events was improved in the study period through the methods outlined above.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 3. Dissertation
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