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Epidemiologic Survey of Head and Neck Cancers in Korea

Authors
 Kwang-Moon Kim  ;  Young Mo Kim  ;  Jae-Hee Kim  ;  Sang-Hak Choi  ;  Jung-Hyuk Im  ;  Young-Ho Kim  ;  Sang-Hyun Kim  ;  Jung-Hwan Baek  ;  Yong-Sik Lee  ;  Sang-Yun Kim  ;  Myung-Whun Sung  ;  Geon Choi  ;  Eun Chang Choi  ;  Min-Sik Kim  ;  Young Soo Rho  ;  Jong Ouck Choi  ;  Hyuck Soon Chang  ;  Kwang Hyun Kim  ;  Yoon-Sang Shim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.18(1) : 80-87, 2003 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE 
ISSN
 1011-8934 
Issue Date
2003
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology* ; Child ; Female ; Head and Neck Neoplasms/epidemiology* ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Korea/epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Neoplasms, Second Primary/epidemiology ; Occupations ; Registries/statistics & numerical data ; Risk Factors ; Smoking/epidemiology
Keywords
Head and Neck Neoplasms ; Epidemiology ; Incidence ; Mouth Cavity ; Nasopharynx ; Oropharynx ; Hypopharynx ; Larynx ; Nasal Cavity ; Paranasal Sinuses
Abstract
Head and neck cancers have never been systematically studied for clinical purposes yet in Korea. This epidemiological survey on head and neck cancer patients was undertaken from January to December 2001 in 79 otorhinolaryngology resident-training hospitals nationwide. The number of head and neck cancer patients was 1,063 cases in the year. The largest proportion of cases arose in the larynx, as many as 488 cases, which accounted for 45.9%. It was followed by, in order of frequency, oral cavity (16.5%), oropharynx (10.0%), and hypopharynx (9.5%). The male:female ratio was 5:1, and the mean age was 60.3 yr. Surgery was the predominant treatment modality in head and neck cancers: 204 (21.5%) cases were treated with only surgery, 198 (20.8%) cases were treated with surgery and radiotherapy, 207 cases (21.8%) were treated with combined therapy of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Larynx and hypopharynx cancers had a stronger relationship with smoking and alcohol drinking than other primary site cancers. Of them, 21 cases were found to be metastasized at the time of diagnosis into the lung, gastrointestinal tract, bone, or brain. Coexisting second primary malignancies were found in 23 cases. At the time of diagnosis, a total of 354 cases had cervical lymph node metastasis accounting for 42.0%.
Files in This Item:
T200306944.pdf Download
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2003.18.1.80
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Ho(김영호)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/114601
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