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소아에서의 급성호흡곤란 증후군에 대한 임상적 고찰

Other Titles
 A clinical study of the acute respiratory distress syndrome in children 
 이택진  ;  김동수  ;  신동환 
 Journal of the Korean Pediatric Association (소아과), Vol.46(1) : 42-50, 2003 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Pediatric Association (소아과) 
Issue Date
Acute respiratory distress syndrome ; Pediatric ; Mortality ; Respiratory failure
Acute respiratory distress syndrome ; Pediatric ; Mortality ; Respiratory failure
Purpose: The acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), an acute form of severe alveolar-capillary injury evolving after a direct or indirect lung insult is thought to be a common cause of respiratory failure though not many clinical studies on the subject have been made yet. Methods: Between January 1992 and December 2001, we conducted a retrospective study on 33 children who fulfilled the definition of the ARDS recommended by the American-European consensus conference in 1994 Results: A total of 33 patients(20 boys and 13 girls) were selected. Their age ranged from 4 months to 12 years with seven children younger than 1 year. The overall mortality rate was 78.8% and no significant difference was noted based on age or sex. Concerning seasonal variation, incidence of the ARDS increased in spring, especially in May(21.2%). Pneumonia(66.7%) was found to be the most common risk factor of the ARDS followed by sepis(24.2%) and aspiration(3.0%). In immune compromised children(six cases), including a recipient of bone marrow transplantation, the mortality rate was 100%. Compared with children with multiple organ failure recording a 83.3% mortality rate, those with isolated respiratory failure, showed a lower mortality rate of 33.3%, although stastistically insignificant. Between survivor and non-survivor groups, significant difference were shown in hematocrit, PaO₂, PaCO₂, PEEP, and PaO₂/FiO₂ on the seventh day after the onset of the ARDS. Conclusion: According to our study, respiratory failure proved to have a great effect on mortality rate in the ARDS. More aggressive intervention and further studies on this subject should be done to improve the survival rate.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Soo(김동수)
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