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구강설암에서 조음 및 연하기능의 술후 평가

Other Titles
 Postoperative Assessment of Speech and Swallowing Functions in Oral Tongue Cancer 
 김재원  ;  최은창  ;  김태연  ;  김성헌  ;  신중욱  ;  김영모  ;  김영호  ;  차인호 
 Korean Journal of Otolaryngology (대한이비인후과학회지), Vol.47(4) : 340-348, 2004 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Otolaryngology (대한이비인후과학회지) 
Issue Date
Tongue neoplasms ; Speech ; Deglutition
Background and Objectives: Sometimes the oral cavity functions such as swallowing and articulation may be seriously disabled utter surgery despite excellent reconstruction. So, the preservation of the functions and oncologic resection of cancer in the treatment of oral tongue cancer are challenging problems for head and neck surgeon. We evaluated speech and swallowing f nictions in postoperative stage in the patients with oral tongue cancer to help predict the postoperative status of speech and swallowing according to the size of defect and the reconstruction methods. Subjects and Method: In 10 oral tongue cancer patients who had been heated by surgery as initial management, we performed speech function tests (speech intelligibility sere, articulation scone, predominant class of ea+ors, diadochokinetic test, and tongue mobility test) and swallowing function tests (modified barium swallow(MBS)test, deglutition test, and swallowing ability score) and reviewed operation findings. Results: In the primary repair group, the speech and swallowing function test was nearly normal, except mild mis-articulation of the lingua alveolars. In: the free flap group, the speech function was intelligible despite impaired tongue mobility and mis-articulation of the lingua alveo lays, the lingua palatals and the lingua velars. impaired lateral tongue movement, marked stasis in oral cavity, delayed swallowing reflex on the MBS test resulted in decreased pharyngeal peristalsis, stasis in vallecula, incomplete laryngeal closure and elevation and aspiration. Swallowing ability was also impaired. In less over-reconstructed group (less than 200%) according to tongue defect and reconstruction volume ratio, much earlier oral diet start, seal-up and more excellent speecli and swallowing function were observed because adynamic portion was relatively small. We observed that fire postoperative speech and swallowing functions were not affected in the group with less than3 cm of the tongue defect and the reconstruction with primary closure. The lingua alveolars were mainly affected on postoperative speech evaluation in primary closure and free flap group irrespective of defect volume. Speech and swallowing functions in less over-reconstructed group were superior to those in over-reconstructed group. Conclusion: We suggest that the results of this study can aid in counseling patients and predicting the postoperative status of speech and swallowing function according to the size of primary defect and the reconstruction methods. To better predict the postoperative functional status, we need to carry out functional evaluations and comparative assessment of the preoperative and postoperative status.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Ho(김영호)
Kim, Jae Won(김재원)
Shin, Joong Wook(신중욱)
Cha, In Ho(차인호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8259-2190
Choi, Eun Chang(최은창)
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