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단일기관에서의 소아 세균성 수막염 원인균 분포(1996~2005)

Other Titles
 The Causative Organisms of Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis: A Single Center Experience from 1996 to 2005 
 이택진  ;  전진경  ;  김동수 
 Korean Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (소아감염), Vol.13(2) : 124-129, 2006 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (소아감염) 
Issue Date
Bacterial meningitis ; neonatal meningitis ; Haemophilus influenzae ; group B ; streptococci ; Streptococcus pneumoniae ; Neisseria meningitidis
Purpose : We investigated the causative organisms of bacterial meningitis by age distribution from 1996 to 2005. Methods : Retrospective data were obtained from the medical records with diagnosis of bacterial meningitis or neonatal meningitis from 1996 through 2005. A case was defined by isolation of organism or detection of its antigen by latex agglutination from cerebrospinal fluid. Results : A total of 46 cases(27 neonates and 19 children) were identified. 15 of 27 episodes(55.6%) of neonatal meningitis had a concomitant-positive blood culture. Group B streptococci were the most common bacterial causes of neonatal meningitis(44.4%). Nine of 12 episodes(75.0%) were late-onset infections in neonatal meningitis caused by group B streptococci. 16 of 19 children(84.2%) with bacterial meningitis beyond the neonatal period were younger than 5 years of age(median age, 23 months). Of 19 cases, 8 infections were with Streptococcus pneumoniae, 8 were with Haemophilus influenzae and 3 were with Neisseria meningitidis. Since 2001 there was no case of meningococcal meningitis in this study. Conclusion : In neonates group B streptococci are the most common causative organisms of bacterial meningitis, especially late-onset infections. In infants and young children, the predominant causes of bacterial meningitis are H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae; meningitis caused by the former are likely to decrease after the introduction of the conjugate vaccine for H. influenzae type b.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Soo(김동수)
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