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소아에서 잡초류 알레르기 감작률의 증가와 알레르기성 잡초류의 연중 화분량과의 상관관계

Other Titles
 The Correlation between Increased Sensitization Rate to Weedsin Children and the Annual Increase in Weed Pollen in Korea 
Authors
 오재원  ;  강임주  ;  김성원  ;  국명희  ;  김봉성  ;  신경수  ;  한윤수  ;  신수아  ;  이하백  ;  손명현  ;  정지태  ;  이혜란  ;  김규언 
Citation
 Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease (소아알레르기 호흡기학회지), Vol.16(2) : 114-121, 2006 
Journal Title
 Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease (소아알레르기 호흡기학회지) 
ISSN
 1225-679X 
Issue Date
2006
Keywords
Pollen ; Ragweed ; Sensitization rate ; Children
Abstract
Purpose: Recently allergic diseases have gradually increased in schools and among preschool aged childhood. Pollen amount of weeds also, especially ragweed, were increased. We evaluated the increased pollen count of weed was associated with the sensitization rate to weed in childhood. Methods : Airborne particles carrying allergens were collected daily from eight stations nationwide(Seoul, Guri, Cheongju, Daegu, Kwangju, Busan, Kangneung, and Jeju) by using 7 days-Burkard sampler(Burkard Manufacturing Co Ltd, Hertfordshire, UK), for 7 years in South Korea(July 1, 1997-June 30, 2004). They were counted and recorded along with the weather. Data was collected through pediatric patients with allergic symptoms, who visit the pediatrics allergy clinics and capable of allerfy skin test among hospitals that have pollen collecting centers. Results : Airborne pollen has two peak seasons : May and September in Korea. There were the tree pollen seasons from the middle of February to late July, then followed the grasses and weed season from the middle of July to the end of October. Ragweed was one of the most common pollens of autumn in Korea. In skin prick tests, Mugwort was the highest sensitization rate(7.6 percent), followed by ragweed(7.1 percent), birch(6.1 percent), alder, grasses mix among the pollen extracts in Korean school aged children. Ragweed pollen counts have gradually increased since 2000. In the same period, sensitization rates for airborne pollen, especially weeds, in Korean children have increased annually(1999 : 4.4 percent, 2000 : 7.1 percent, 2001 : 7.4 percent, 2002 : 8.5 percent, 2003 : 7.7 percent). Conclusion: Sensitization rates for outdoor airborne pollens have increased in Korean children. These findings might result from the changes of life styles and living environments in Korea.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyu Earn(김규언)
Sohn, Myung Hyun(손명현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-487X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109594
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