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Symptoms of PTSD according to individual and work environment characteristics of Korean railroad drivers with experience of person-under-train accidents

Authors
 Byeong Su Yum  ;  Jae Hoon Roh  ;  Jae Chun Ryu  ;  Jong Uk Won  ;  Chi Nyon Kim  ;  Jung Eun Lee  ;  Ki Youn Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, Vol.61(5) : 691-697, 2006 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH 
ISSN
 0022-3999 
Issue Date
2006
MeSH
Accidents/psychology* ; Adult ; Age Factors ; Humans ; Korea ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Railroads* ; Social Environment* ; Somatoform Disorders/diagnosis ; Somatoform Disorders/psychology ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology* ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Workplace* ; Wounds and Injuries/psychology*
Keywords
IES ; Korean railroad driver ; Person-under-train accident ; PTSD
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to collect basic data on the prevalence pattern of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Korean railroad drivers exposed to person-under-train accidents according to the individual and working environmental characteristics. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to all the railroad drivers accompanying active service now by company post. A total of 639 of the 800 questionnaires sent out were returned, showing a response rate of 79.9%. The Impact of Event Scale was utilized to address psychological status of railroad drivers after exposure to person-under-train accident. RESULTS: Score of PTSD, intrusion, and avoidance ranged from 9.6 to 13.2, from 4.2 to 6.1, and from 5.4 to 7.2 according to individual characteristics and ranged from 11.44 to 12.70, from 5.03 to 5.67, and from 6.41 to 7.04 according to working environmental characteristics, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that Korean railroad drivers who experienced person-under-train accident expressed adverse symptoms physically and psychologically more than those who did not experience it. Apart from effect of train driver's age, a wide range of individual and working environmental factors appear to have no association with the level of posttraumatic distress following a person-under-train accident.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022399906003163
DOI
10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.07.005
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Roh, Jae Hoon(노재훈)
Won, Jong Uk(원종욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9200-3297
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109576
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