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Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Children and Adolescents Aged 10–18 Years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1998 and 2001

Authors
 Hee Man Kim  ;  Jong Park  ;  Ho-Seong Kim  ;  Duk Hee Kim  ;  Sung Hoon Park 
Citation
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol.164(8) : 787-793, 2006 
Journal Title
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 
ISSN
 0002-9262 
Issue Date
2006
MeSH
Adolescent ; Body Mass Index ; Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology* ; Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology* ; Chi-Square Distribution ; Child ; Dyslipidemias/epidemiology ; Dyslipidemias/etiology ; Female ; Humans ; Korea/epidemiology ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Nutrition Surveys ; Obesity/complications* ; Obesity/epidemiology* ; Prevalence ; Risk Factors
Keywords
adolescent ; cardiovascular diseases ; child ; Korea ; obesity ; risk factors ; CVD ; cardiovascular disease ; HDL ; high density lipoprotein ; KNHANES ; Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ; LDL ; low density lipoprotein
Abstract
Childhood obesity is directly related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, but there is limited information on their relation in Korean children and adolescents. The authors investigated the association between obesity and CVD risk factors among 2,272 Korean boys and girls aged 10–18 years, who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 1998 and 2001. Obesity was defined by body mass index cutoff points provided by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The prevalence of obesity increased significantly from 5.4% in 1998 to 11.3% in 2001 (p < 0.0001). Korean obese children and adolescents in 1998 and 2001 had 4.6- and 4.9-fold risks for systolic hypertension, 4.2- and 2.8-fold risks for high levels of total cholesterol, 9.4- and 2.7-fold risks for high levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol, 4.1- and 3.7-fold risks for low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and 5.3- and 2.8-fold risks for high levels of triglycerides, compared with their normal-weight counterparts (p < 0.05 in all). Approximately 60% of Korean obese children and adolescents had at least one CVD risk factor. These findings suggest that Korean obese children and adolescents have an increased risk of CVD.
Files in This Item:
T200600474.pdf Download
DOI
10.1093/aje/kwj251
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Duk Hee(김덕희)
Kim, Ho Seong(김호성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1135-099X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109334
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