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The relationship of anatomic variation of pancreatic ductal system and pancreaticobiliary diseases

 Seungmin Bang  ;  Jung Hoon Suh  ;  Byung Kyu Park  ;  Seung Woo Park  ;  Si Young Song  ;  Jae Bock Chung 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.47(2) : 243-248, 2006 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Bile Ducts/anatomy & histology* ; Bile Ducts/metabolism ; Bile Ducts/pathology ; Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods* ; Common Bile Duct/anatomy & histology ; Common Bile Duct/pathology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Pancreatic Diseases/diagnosis ; Pancreatic Ducts/anatomy & histology* ; Pancreatic Ducts/pathology* ; Pancreatitis/diagnosis ; Pancreatitis/pathology ; Sex Factors
ERCP ; pancreatic duct ; anatomical variation
The aims of this study were to identify the morphological diversities and anatomical variations of pancreatic ductal system and to define the relationships between pancreatic ductal systems, pancreaticobiliary diseases, and procedure-related complications, including post-ERCP pancreatitis. This study included 582 patients in whom both pancreatic duct (PD) and common bile duct were clearly visible by ERCP. PD systems were categorized into four types according to the relationship between common bile duct and PD. In types A and B, Wirsung duct formed the main PD. In type C, Wirsung duct did not form the main PD. If PD system did not fall into any of these three types, it was categorized as type D. The distribution of types among pancreatic ducts examined was as follows: type A: 491 cases (84.4%), type B: 56 cases (9.6%), type C: 20 cases (3.4%), and type D: 15 cases (2.6%). The anomalous anatomic variations of PD systems were divided into migration, fusion, and duplication anomalies. PD anomalies were noted in 51 patients, of which 19 (3.3%) were fusion anomalies (12 complete pancreas divisum, 7 incomplete pancreas divisum), and 32 (5.5%) were duplication anomalies (5 number variations, 27 form variations). No significant relationships between various PD morphologies and pancreaticobiliary diseases were found. However, post-ERCP hyperamylasemia was more frequently found in types C (41.7%), D (50%) and A (19.8%) than in type B (9.4%). In summary, whether Wirsung duct forms the main PD and the presence or absence of the opening of the Santorini duct are both important factors in determining the development of pancreatitis and hyperamylasemia after ERCP.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Seung Woo(박승우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8230-964X
Bang, Seungmin(방승민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5209-8351
Song, Si Young(송시영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1417-4314
Chung, Jae Bock(정재복)
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