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Decrement of postprandial insulin secretion determines the progressive nature of type-2 diabetes

 Wan Sub Shim  ;  Soo Kyung Kim  ;  Hae Jin Kim  ;  Eun Seok Kang  ;  Chul Woo Ahn  ;  Sung Kil Lim  ;  Hyun Chul Lee  ;  Bong Soo Cha 
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, Vol.155(4) : 615-622, 2006 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Biomarkers/blood ; C-Peptide/blood ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism* ; Disease Progression ; Fasting/blood ; Female ; Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis ; Humans ; Insulin/metabolism* ; Insulin Secretion ; Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Postprandial Period ; Regression Analysis ; Statistical Distributions
OBJECTIVE: Type-2 diabetes is a progressive disease. However, little is known about whether decreased fasting or postprandial pancreatic beta-cell responsiveness is more prominent with increased duration of diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between insulin secretion both during fasting and 2 h postprandial, and the duration of diabetes in type-2 diabetic patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical investigation. METHODS: We conducted a meal tolerance test in 1466 type-2 diabetic patients and calculated fasting (M0) and postprandial (M1) beta-cell responsiveness. RESULTS: The fasting C-peptide, postprandial C-peptide, M0, and M1 values were lower, but HbA1c values were higher, in patients with diabetes duration > 10 years than those in other groups. There was no difference in the HbA1c levels according to the tertiles of their fasting C-peptide level. However, in a group of patients with highest postprandial C-peptide tertile, the HbA1c values were significantly lower than those in other groups. After adjustment of age, sex, and body mass index (BMI), the duration of diabetes was found to be negatively correlated with fasting C-peptide (gamma = -0.102), postprandial C-peptide (gamma = -0.356), M0 (gamma = -0.263), and M1 (gamma = -0.315; P < 0.01 respectively). After adjustment of age, sex, and BMI, HbA1c was found to be negatively correlated with postprandial C-peptide (gamma = -0.264), M(0) (gamma = -0.379), and M1 (gamma = -0.522), however, positively correlated with fasting C-peptide (gamma = 0.105; P < 0.01 respectively). In stepwise multiple regression analysis, M0, M1, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) emerged as predictors of HbAlc after adjustment for age, sex, and BMI (R2 = 0.272, 0.080, and 0.056 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: With increasing duration of diabetes, the decrease of postprandial insulin secretion is becoming more prominent, and postprandial beta-cell responsiveness may be a more important determinant for glycemic control than fasting beta-cell responsiveness.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Seok(강은석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0364-4675
Ahn, Chul Woo(안철우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3733-7486
Lee, Hyun Chul(이현철)
Lim, Sung Kil(임승길)
Cha, Bong Soo(차봉수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-2854
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