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Tissue engineering of heart valves by recellularization of glutaraldehyde-fixed porcine valves using bone marrow-derived cells

Authors
 Sang-Soo Kim  ;  Sang-Hyun Lim  ;  Seung Woo Cho  ;  So-Jung Gwak  ;  Yoo-Sun Hong  ;  Byung Chul Chang  ;  Moon Hyang Park  ;  Kang Won Song  ;  Cha Yong Choi  ;  Byung-Soo Kim 
Citation
 EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, Vol.38(3) : 273-283, 2006 
Journal Title
 EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE 
ISSN
 1226-3613 
Issue Date
2006
MeSH
Actins/analysis ; Animals ; Bone Marrow Cells/chemistry ; Bone Marrow Cells/physiology* ; Bone Marrow Cells/ultrastructure ; Cell Adhesion/physiology ; Cell Culture Techniques/methods* ; Cell Differentiation/physiology ; Cell Proliferation ; Cell Survival/physiology ; Dogs ; Endothelial Cells/cytology ; Endothelial Cells/physiology ; Glutaral/chemistry* ; Heart Valve Prosthesis ; Heart Valves/cytology ; Heart Valves/physiology* ; Immunohistochemistry ; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning ; Muscle, Smooth/chemistry ; Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/analysis ; Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/analysis ; Swine ; Tissue Engineering/methods* ; Tissue Fixation
Keywords
bone marrow cells ; endothelial cells ; heart valve prosthesis ; tissue engineering
Abstract
To increase the biocompatibility and durability of glutaraldehyde (GA)-fixed valves, a biological coating with viable endothelial cells (ECs) has been proposed. However, stable EC layers have not been formed successfully on GA-fixed valves due to their inability to repopulate. In this study, to improve cellular adhesion and proliferation, the GA-fixed prostheses were detoxified by treatment with citric acid to remove free aldehyde groups. Canine bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNCs) were differentiated into EC-like cells and myofibroblast-like cells in vitro. Detoxified prostheses were seeded and recellularized with differentiated bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) for seven days. Untreated GA-fixed prostheses were used as controls. Cell attachment, proliferation, metabolic activity, and viability were investigated and cell-seeded leaflets were histologically analyzed. On detoxified GA-fixed prostheses, BMC seeding resulted in uninhibited cell proliferation after seven days. In contrast, on untreated GA-fixed prostheses, cell attachment was poor and no viable cells were observed. Positive staining for smooth muscle a-actin, CD31, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen was observed on the luminal side of the detoxified valve leaflets, indicating differentiation and proliferation of the seeded BMCs. These results demonstrate that the treatment of GA-fixed valves with citric acid established a surface more suitable for cellular attachment and proliferation. Engineering heart valves by seeding detoxified GA-fixed biological valve prostheses with BMCs may increase biocompatibility and durability of the prostheses. This method could be utilized as a new approach for the restoration of heart valve structure and function in the treatment of end-stage heart valve disease.
Files in This Item:
T200600282.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/emm.2006.33
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Byung Chul(장병철)
Hong, You Sun(홍유선)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109089
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