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Breast-feeding in South Korea: Factors influencing its initiation and duration

Authors
 Woojin Chung  ;  Hanjoong Kim  ;  Chung-Mo Nam 
Citation
 PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, Vol.11(3) : 225-229, 2008 
Journal Title
 PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 
ISSN
 1368-9800 
Issue Date
2008
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Breast Feeding/epidemiology ; Breast Feeding/psychology* ; Cesarean Section/adverse effects ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Educational Status ; Employment ; Female ; Health Promotion*/methods ; Health Promotion*/organization & administration ; Humans ; Korea/epidemiology ; Logistic Models ; Middle Aged ; Mothers/psychology* ; Prenatal Care/standards* ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Time Factors
Keywords
Breast-feeding ; Initiation ; Duration ; Prenatal care ; Caesarean section ; South Korea
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors influencing the practices of partial breast-feeding (PBF) and exclusive breast-feeding (EBF). DESIGN: A national, cross-sectional survey was conducted among married women aged 15-49 years from May to August 2003. SETTING: South Korea. SUBJECTS: A total of 865 mothers answered questions regarding the feeding practices of their youngest baby, born between January 2001 and May 2003. RESULTS: The initiation rates of PBF and EBF were 81% and 63%, respectively. However, the median durations of PBF and EBF were very short: 12 and 8 weeks, respectively. According to stepwise logistic and Cox regression analyses, the more prenatal care women received, the more likely they were to initiate PBF and EBF but the less likely to continue EBF. Delivery by Caesarean section decreased the initiation of PBF and EBF. The mother's education level and employment status before marriage, the amount of prenatal care, delivery method and baby's status at birth affected breast-feeding initiation, whereas the amount of prenatal care influenced breast-feeding duration. CONCLUSION: To promote breast-feeding, education and campaigning on the importance of continued breast-feeding should be provided to the general public, particularly to health workers in maternity units.
Full Text
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=1700872&fileId=S136898000700047X
DOI
10.1017/S136898000700047X
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Han Joong(김한중)
Nam, Jung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Chung, Woo Jin(정우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2090-4851
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/108567
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