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Open Pulmonary Thromboembolectomy in Patients with Major Pulmonary Thromboembolism

 Sak Lee  ;  Suk-Won Song  ;  Gijong Yi  ;  Young-Nam Youn  ;  Kyung-Jong Yoo  ;  Byung-Chul Chang 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.49(6) : 973-977, 2008 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Pulmonary thromboembolism ; thromboembolectomy
PURPOSE: We retrospectively analyzed open pulmonary thromboembolectomy in patients with acute and chronic pulmonary thromboembolism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 1990 and May 2005, 12 consecutive patients with acute and chronic pulmonary thromboembolism underwent open pulmonary thromboembolectomy at Yonsei Cardiovascular Center. Their mean age was 47.5 years, and 7 of the patients were female. Among 12 patients, 5 had acute onset, and 7 had chronic disease, and 9 patients were associated with deep venous thrombosis. Extent of pulmonary embolism was massive in 3 patients with hemodynamic instability, and submassive in 8 patients. Preoperative echocardiogram revealed elevated right ventricular pressure in all patients, and 7 patients were in NYHA functional class III or IV. Pulmonary thromboembolectomy was performed in all patients under total circulatory arrest. RESULTS: There were 2 hospital deaths (16.7%). Among the patients who survived, mean right ventricular pressure was decreased significantly from 64.3mmHg to 34.0mmHg with improvement of NYHA functional class. CONCLUSION: Open pulmonary thromboembolectomy is thought to be an immediate and definitive treatment for massive pulmonary embolism with optimal results. Even though operative mortality is still high, early diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention in highly selective patients may improve the clinical outcome
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Suk Won(송석원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-9707
Yoo, Kyung Jong(유경종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9858-140X
Youn, Young Nam(윤영남)
Yi, Gi Jong(이기종)
Lee, Sak(이삭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6130-2342
Chang, Byung Chul(장병철)
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