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Low levels of serum cholesterol and albumin and the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in young soldiers.

Authors
 D. R. Kang  ;  Y. K. Kim  ;  M. S. Park  ;  Y. S. Kim  ;  D. H. Ko  ;  C. Kim 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE, Vol.12(1) : 26-32, 2008 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE 
ISSN
 1027-3719 
Issue Date
2008
MeSH
Adult ; Biomarkers/blood ; Case-Control Studies ; Cholesterol/blood* ; Community-Acquired Infections/blood ; Community-Acquired Infections/epidemiology ; Community-Acquired Infections/etiology* ; Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data ; Humans ; Korea/epidemiology ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Military Personnel/statistics & numerical data* ; Pneumonia/blood ; Pneumonia/epidemiology ; Pneumonia/etiology* ; Risk Assessment ; Risk Factors ; Seasons ; Serum Albumin/metabolism* ; Severity of Illness Index
Keywords
albumin ; body mass index ; cholesterol ; community-acquired infection ; pneumonia
Abstract
SETTING: The risk factors of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in high-risk groups have been examined in many studies. Such studies, however, have limited application for young people in special environments. OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors of CAP in young soldiers. DESIGN: A hospital-based case-control study was carried out during the two winters between 2003 and 2005. A total of 255 CAP cases aged 18-23 years were enrolled and were matched by age and date of hospitalisation with 255 controls. RESULTS: All CAP cases and 148 controls (58.0%) were military trainees. Most cases (96.1%) were non-severe CAP (pneumonia severity index risk class 1). Serum levels of total cholesterol, albumin, total protein and body mass index (BMI) were lower in CAP cases than in controls. In conditional logistic regression analysis, an increased risk of CAP was independently associated with military trainees, low levels of cholesterol and albumin. However, low BMI (<18.5 kg/m(2)) was not found to be associated with the risk of CAP after adjusting for other factors. CONCLUSION: In Korea, the risk of CAP is significantly high in military trainees, with low levels of cholesterol and albumin being associated with the development of CAP in young soldiers.
Full Text
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2008/00000012/00000001/art00007
DOI
18173873
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Sam(김영삼) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9656-8482
Kim, Chang Soo(김창수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5940-5649
Park, Moo Suk(박무석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0820-7615
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/106968
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